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Disease Effect Settling In Communities Essay

860 words - 4 pages

Many things changed when we first started to live in settled communities and as those communities grew the more people realized how impactful it would be. Diseases can be as little as an irritation to dramatic as dying. There are many ways to catch a disease; animals, dirty environment, and unsafe practices can leave people or even whole societies ill very easily.
People had contact with people in their tribes or villages, they stayed with their families essentially their whole lives. There was no need for trade or to travel away from home since they farmed and had all the resources that the small society needed to thrive. If people did travel outside of the society they could have easily taken a disease home or left one with other people they encountered. These diseases lived on every species of animal, which jumped onto humans, and even the soil and water could carry a number of bacteria. Now none of them were exactly deadly but the symptoms might have been terrible enough the victims wished for the kindness of death. While traveling people may venture to different parts of the country they have never been before. One dilemma with this is that vertical zones are home to different species and diseases but they stay at their level in the forest. When the people cut trees for whatever purpose they are breaking the vertical zone and the species will come down to the forest floor along with the stowaway diseases. This happened in Central and South Africa; the monkeys in the canopies where being infected with yellow fever by mosquitos. The monkeys and mosquitoes stayed in their level and it only became a problem when, "the commercial demand for tropical timber ha[d] sent loggers into the forest, and when they fell a tree, clouds of mosquitos c[a]me to earth with it. The mosquitoes then feed on the primates nearest at hand, the ones with the axes, and transmit the virus. On returning home to cities, infected lumberjacks set off urban epidemics of yellow fever" (Man and Microbes 20).
With the Broad Spectrum and all the glory of larger populations of villages the people needed more food. At this time the society started thinking about searching for food. Then came the Neolithic Revolution where the hunters and gathers have their start hunting and gathering. Because the society was now collecting food they occasionally had some left over so they had to store it. The most common way to preserve food is using salt but, the dirty environment created salmonella. One example of a disease that slipped their fingers was Trichinella. The event of the Unicorn...

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