CJ 521/ CRN# 10212-201810
Dr. Mahendra Singh
23 October 2017
Disengaging Delinquent Behavior in Youth to Alleviate Adult Criminal Conduct
Developmental crime prevention is based on the idea that intervening early in a young person’s development can produce significant long-term social and economic benefits. It is an approach to crime prevention which focuses on the way a crime occurs or a victimization happens.
Developmental prevention involves the organized presentation of resources to individuals, families, schools, or communities, which helps prevent the later development of crime or other problems. It’s most helpful to intervene during transition points in a child’s life. These transition points occur around birth, the preschool years, transition from primary to high school, and from high school to further education or the workforce. The community may focus on helping teachers develop self-control in young people, provide follow up on violent behavior by young people or educate the public to make their property more secure. The challenge with the developmental crime prevention approach is identifying exactly what it is in individuals, families, schools, or communities that increase the odds of involvement in crime.
Social crime is defined as an act that offends the social code of a community. Social crime prevention focuses on the social and economic conditions that contribute to violent and criminal behavior. This type of crime prevention focuses on vulnerable groups such as the physical challenged, women, children, and the elderly.
Social Crime prevention is an approach to crime prevention that addresses the root causes of crime. The focus is mainly on the social elements that lead to crime such as lack of community cohesion, ignorance, breakdown in family societal values and poor environmental conditions. Social crime prevention can also be achieved by changing values through public education and through allowing communities to be agents of social change in their own communities.
Secondary crime prevention attempts to prevent crime by focusing on at-risk offenders or potential opportunities that may foster criminal activity. The main tool used in secondary crime prevention is identification and prediction. There are many theoretical basis for the implementation of secondary crime prevention programs. Once potential places, people, situations, or opportunities are identified as at-risk for criminal activity it may be possible to predict and prevent any future criminal occurrence. By reducing the potential opportunities to commit crime, increasing the risk of the crime, and by minimizing the potential gain of the criminal act, it is more likely that the criminal will not engage in such behavior.
Situational Crime Prevention is based on the belief that most crime is opportunistic rather than being the outcome of those driven to commit a crime no matter what. Situational Crime Prevention attempts to reduce the...