The belief and concept of dishonor in the Greek and Colombian culture of ‘Antigone,’ by Sophocles, and ‘Chronicle of a Death Foretold,’ by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, is a deciding aspect that blinds characters moral values. It is evident that in both societies Greek and Colombian, a family or an individual without honor is an outcast to the community. As honor plays a drastic role in outlining the culture of the society. Therefore the belief that a perpetrator has brought dishonor upon the family, or community foreshadows punishment for the individual, often conveyed through death.
Sophocles provides a setting in his play, Antigone, where the honor code of rules and principles that govern the Greek community, are based upon Creon’s patriarchy of immoral natural law. Where the worst death is a ‘clouded’ (97) one whose foggy setting brings dishonor upon the individual, and his family. Polynecies is an example; Sophocles uses to highlight the significance of a burial, in the Greek society. Polynecies is a victim of Creon's code of honor, which through grotesque diction, Sophocles describes his body as being immorally exposed the “vultures” left “unwept and unburied’ (29) after miserably fighting turning against his brother in a battle for Thebes, in which he turned against him. Causing him to ’[die] outside the law’ (59) bringing great dishonor to the corpse as it is with a lack of respect, left unburied due to tyranny, but also damns it for all time and dishonors his family.
Creon’s laws are flaw, harsh and immoral, they take on the ‘gods who live forever’ (788), up to the point were his actions ‘seize [his] good mind,’ (791) and deprive him of moral thought. Creon’s restrictive democracy motivates Polynecie’s sister Antigone, who as been robbed of her duty to moor over his brother, to oppose to natural law, thus triggering “the gods penalty.” (460) But ‘victory goes to love’ and Antigone’s ‘nature sides with love’ (523) highlighting her noble act of placing Polynecies ‘first in honor.’ (913) But despite her actions of innocence Creon tries to ‘quench the holy fire’ (963) Antigone’s soul and desire, in order to protect his code of honor, which foreshadows Antigone's death. Antigone’s rebellious act to save her brothers honor, leads her ‘soul [to death]’ as it ‘[went] to help’ those who ‘died before,’ (559-560) her moral action is thus paralleled to the death of a tragic hero.
In a similar way, the code of honor in the Colombian society revolves around a cultural aspect, this being marriage. In the setting of the novel virginyty as a tantamount to honor is an archetype associated with marriage, thus when this social moray is violated, dishonor falls upon the individual and family. In Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Angela Vicario fails to meet the norms of society and is returned home on her wedding night. However no one guesses Angela Vicario ‘wasn’t a Virgin’ (37) until the ‘linen sheet wit the ‘stain of honor’ (38) was presented symbolizing...