Disjuncture And Difference In The Global Cultural Economy, The Author Arjun Appadurai

1174 words - 5 pages

In the article “ Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy”, the author Arjun Appadurai mainly concerning on the global culture issues from two perspectives. In the first part, Appadurai reconstructs the history of cultural interactions and comes to the cultural globalization. Then he focuses on the current central problem of global culture in the second part by describing the complicated relationship between cultural homogenization and cultural heterogenization. And as well in the second part, Appadurai builds his own model to explore cultural disjuncture among five dimensions of global cultural flows: ethnoscapes, mediascapes, technoscapes, financescapes and ideoscapes (Appadurai, 2012, p.98).
In the history part, Appadurai starts with two main obstacles against the cultural interactions before the late 1800s: the objective facts and the subjective active resistance (Appadurai, 2012, p.95). The objective facts contain geographical and ecological factors (Appadurai, 2012, p.95), for example: high mountains, deserts, tropical climate and so on. Those factors blocked people’s communication in that time including the cultural interactions, because it was hard for people to conquer nature with such limited knowledge and tools. And the subjective active resistance to interactions, according to Appadurai, means the seclusion policies especially in Chinese and Japanese history (Appadurai, 2012, p.95). Those two countries’ government had chosen to close their door to the others for a certain period, which restricted the cultural interactions among nations.
Conversely, in this article, there are two main forces for sustained cultural interaction prior to the late 1800s: One was the warfare; the other was the religion of conversion (Appadurai, 2012, p.95). Appadurai mentions “cultural dealings have been bridged at great cost and sustained over time only with great effort (Appadurai, 2012, p.95)”. The warfare meets the condition with its great cost, for the command of resources, and always overcomes the barrier from the nation policies. Also in that time the warfare forced the migration of people officially, which caused direct communications between different cultures. For the religions of conversion, the pilgrims with their strong faith contributed to the cultural interactions. Hsuan-tsang (or Xuan Tsang) is one Buddhist pilgrim famous in China. He traveled over land toward India for Sacred Books in the 7th century, crossing deserts and mountain ranges, which sustained the cultural interaction between China and many countries along the Silk Road (Marx, n.d.).
Then Appadurai sets the late 1800s as the turning point, since which two main developments have facilitated greater interaction between different cultures: One is that “congeries of money, commerce, conquest, and migration began to create durable cross-societal bonds (Appadurai, 2012, p.96)”, especially with the technology transfers and innovations of that time; One is the...

Find Another Essay On Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy, the author Arjun Appadurai

The Global Economy Essay

2063 words - 8 pages The global economy is a complex and multi-faceted system. When one variable changes, such as a dramatic increase in the New Zealand dollar; the spin-off effects can be detrimental to some while increasing the wealth and living-standard of others. This essay will discuss the global economic system we have in place today, and the consequential distributive injustices as a result of this structure. The start of the capitalist economy we have today

Redefining the Global Economy Essay

1774 words - 7 pages Redefining the Global Economy 1914 marked a critical turning point in global affairs and the economy, as the Great War caused physical destruction in Europe, and destroyed the system of global capitalism of the Golden Age. During the interwar period, American isolationism from international trade and affairs left the major powers without the infrastructure or leadership to continue the international trade, investment, and currency stabilization

GLOBALISATION & THE GLOBAL ECONOMY

1176 words - 5 pages •Globalisation the process of increased integration between different economies and the increased impact of intnl influences on economic activity and all areas of life•Global economy the situation where the economies of the world are increasing linked to each other, and changes in one economy have ripple effects on other economiesI) INDICATORS OF GLOBALISATION•Economic integration can be seen inoIntnl trade flows- growing at 2

The Global Economy

1728 words - 7 pages 13 pages, complete w/footnotes and bibliography -Advanced Composition Term Paper:Will the Global Economy help or hurtthe next generation of Americans?Will the global economy help or hurt the next generation of Americans? This is thequestion I am going to investigate in this paper. The global economy is the systempertaining to the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services aroundthe globe. It is important that we understand

Escalating Oil Prices and the Global Economy.

2285 words - 9 pages With the current rise in oil prices, many people are asking themselves, "What is going on?" Oil prices are of major interest to everyone not only in this country but everywhere. It seems that everyday gas prices are spiking and haven't been stable for a long time. In order to fully understand this problem and how it is affecting the global economy we need to look at the variety of factors that are involved. These factors include but are not

Cross-Cultural Difference netween the United States and China

1552 words - 7 pages Task 4 A.  Cross-cultural differences between United States and China Cross-cultural differences in verbal and non-verbal communication styles The issue of verbal and non-verbal communication styles is an important cross-cultural difference to consider when seeking expansion of business in China, because it can help Company ABC facilitate successful business transactions and outperform its competitors. According to a survey by the Economist

The Exploitation of Female Children in the Global Economy

1856 words - 7 pages The Exploitation of Female Children in the Global Economy The girl-child is one of, if not the most, exploitable segments of the world's population. Children in general because of their dependence upon adults and their natural naiveté due to lack of life experience. In the context of our new global economy, child labor issues are becoming very prevalent and their discussion very necessary. The tragedy of the child labor issues is that the

Elements of The Global Economy

1962 words - 8 pages potential to become the dominant economy in forty years. China is the biggest, and the fastest growing emerging market. China has changed its political system to contain global capitalism, and therefore has a high chance of becoming the dominant global supplier of manufactured goods and services. In order to enter the world economy, China has initiated economic and political reform. To be able to compete, China has emphasized education

Variations in living standards in the global economy

1817 words - 7 pages Despite the increasing integration of the global economy, large differences in living standards between countries have persisted and even worsened in recent years. This is evidently indicated by the stark differences in the levels of economic development and growth across the global economy, suggesting the wide gaps between wealthy and poor nations. Almost 80% of GWP income is dominated by just 15% of the world's population whilst the rest of

The U.S. Dollar in a modern global economy

1156 words - 5 pages The U.S. Dollar - PAGE 1 - The U.S. Dollarin a Modern Global Economy(1)ECONYour UniversityThe 'Almighty Dollar'! Given the state of our current economy, that statement holds far less true than it did twenty, ten, or even five years ago. The dollar has slipped and slid and gradually fallen with consistency for the past five-plus years, save for a negligible stint of appreciation in 2005. The emergence of the 'global economy' in the late

China, Japan, Southeast Asia and the Global Economy

2460 words - 10 pages India stood out for the extensiveness of their trade links and magnitude of their trade volumes. Both countries traded with Southeast Asia, the Islamic world, the Mediterranean and European countries. In addition, China traded with the Middle East and North Africa. However, while the extant global economy in 1500 spanned three continents, it could not considered truly global until the America had properly joined it. Flynn et al. (1995) place the

Similar Essays

Globalization: Disjuncture In The Global Cultural Economy

1359 words - 5 pages who work for a wage exist. Throughout a development of cooperative resist on the part of groups of people with similar economic situations, they argue that capitalism brings optimistic and pessimistic impacts into our modern society. Correspondingly, in the article “Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy,” Arjun Appadurai agrees with Marx and Engels’ argument on the cause of globalization, yet somewhat disagrees on a process

Brazil And The Global Economy Essay

1804 words - 7 pages priorities of expanding Brazil's economy and taking a prominent role in the global economy as a major exporter of goods the Brazilian government must also look towards eliminating poverty and protecting its natural environment, which is a critical component in both local and international ecosystems.Historically Many political takeovers and coups have hindered Brazil's economic growth. During the mid to late twentieth century successive governments

Raising Capital In The Global Economy

1672 words - 7 pages simultaneously that the competitive forces unleashed by globalisation induce higher productivity growth and greater wage flexibility explicitly, but, implicitly, that the increase in global competition does not prevent the increase in monopoly power that is necessary to preserve the current high ROE.Next, if we turn to the empirical evidence, we are, first, much impressed by the evidence reported in Siegel, which suggests that, for the US over

Textile Industry Trends In The Global Economy

3136 words - 13 pages Textile Industry Trends in the Global Economy I. Executive Summary The objective of this paper is to examine how the development of a textile industry contributes to economic growth in the global economy. Because textile manufacturing is a labor-intensive industry, developing countries are able to utilize their labor surplus to enter the market and begin the process of building an industrial economy. Emerging economies then look