DISMANTLING OF THE SOVIET UNION
The fall of the once might soviet union was as a result unwarranted succession of events. There is a likelihood of some arguing that a certain even led to the dismantling but this would be a fallacious assertion.
Dismantling of the Soviet Union
The Soviet Union was one of the three strongest nations in the world. Between 1964 and 1982, the Soviet Union competed militarily with the world’s best. The Soviet Union and its system appeared impervious to rudimentary change especially when Politburo was headed by Leonid Brezhenev. It was almost impossible even for the most disaffected nationalities like Baltic people of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia to think that the Soviet Union could fall leading to national independence of individual states.
Russia occupied slightly over three-quarters of the Soviet Union and remained to be the most influential nation in the region. By the time Chernenko died, Russia had seen radical transformation when compared to the state of the country when Joseph Stalin took office 32 years before. Millions of youths were well educated with millions entering higher education.
The well-educated professionals became instrumental in creating social groups that embraced cultural liberalization as introduced in Gorbachev’s era. At the same time, the region’s economic apparatus was stagnant and little progress was conceivable in the horizon. This created anxiety among adults resulting in excessive consumption of alcohol. In return, life expectancy of adults drastically reduced coupled with high infant mortality rates.
Although the Soviet Union had previously prevailed in the technology world, stagnation in political and economic status led to the region falling behind technologically. The Soviet Union found it increasingly hard to make new friends. Its policies on liberalization and democratization by Gorbachev brought the regime to a point of crisis. Boris Yeltsin had broken ranks with the Central Committee of the Communist Party and became a source of trouble for the regime. Overreliance on command economy that was famously called the Gosplan shortchanged the country.
With time, regions like Czech and Hungary started gaining independence and thus diverging their resources and attention to rebuild their newly formed states. At some point, the US president Ronald Reagan termed USSR as an evil empire. On December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved with a declaration nullifying its existence forthwith.
The website that has been selected to complement the text book is BBC History. This website provides a lot of insights about the fall of the Soviet State. The website starts by reflecting on the state of affairs during and immediately after the Second...