Disorders of the Nervous System: Huntington’s disease
Huntington’s disease destroys the organs that carry the functions of the central nervous system. Kalat (2013) states, “Huntington disease (also known as Huntington disease or Huntington’s Chorea) is a severe neurological disorder that strikes about 1 person in 10,000 in the United States” (A.B. Young, 1995, p. 258).Individual’s develop the symptoms in their middle age, but even if it is a rare disorders juveniles as well as children before the age of ten can develop the disease. Huntington’s disease is hereditary disease that is passed on from a parent. Huntington’s disease is of the lack of the chromosome 4, if one of the parents carries the gene, they can pass that gene to their child.
In the article about Juveniles Huntington’s disease by Geevasinga, Richards, Jones, and Ryan mention about a nine-year-old boy who developed symptoms of Huntington’s disease from the age of five. He was not able to balance, was having drop attacks, episodes of starring and loss of responsiveness also was having problems with walking and other activities such as climbing the stairs, playing sports, and riding a bike. His performance in school deteriorated quickly as his disorder progressed. His mother took him to several different doctors such as neurologist, pediatric gastroenterologist, and pediatric cardiologist. In a visit to the hospital a genealogy was conducted.
As noted in Geevasinga et al. (2006), he was admitted to the hospital. A detailed family history was subsequently taken. He was the youngest of four children of non-consanguineous Caucasian parents. His brother and one of his two sisters had a history of epilepsy. The brother now seizure-free, whereas the sister has ongoing tonic-clonic and absence seizures treated with sulthiame and lamotrigine. The father had hemochromatosis. Further questioning revealed that the paternal grandfather was diagnosed with HD in his 60s… (p. 553).
Having done the genealogy will help the family to understand they may have a 50% chance of getting Huntington’s disease. The mother may decide to conduct a genetic test or speak to her children about the potential risk of inheriting Huntington’s disease, this is an option a family may have knowing the medical genealogy.
Huntington’s disease may be irreversible but it can be treated with proper treatment may slow down the effects of the disease and medical attention. In children who have symptoms of Huntington’s disease, some of the symptoms would be a rapid deteriorating in school performance, lack of swift movements, behavior changes etc...
In Geevasinga et al. (2006) stated, the mother and a teacher reported about the nine-year-old boy beginning to have symptoms and behaviors that the child was having at home and during school. As the disease progressed his behavior was severely compromised: he displayed severe emotional frequent changes and experienced nightmares, agitation, and...