Disorganized attachment is increasing more and more interests in the field of attachment, and many researchers have done many studies on the disorganized and caregiving system. From those studies, we can know some caregiving behaviors are associated with the children’s disorganized behaviors. As known, secure attachment is very optimal for children feel very confident about that they could get their caregiver’s comfort and attention when they need them, so they could explore the environment around them. Therefore, we need to know that what disorganized attachment behaviors are and the types of caregiving behaviors that will cause disorganized attachment so that we could know to avoid those behaviors and help the children to build secure attachment.
The influence of early attachment relationship is very significant, and it is associated with children development of emotion, behaviors, and socialization. As insecure attachment, disorganized attachment has many negative outcomes. Many researches proved its linkage with externalizing behavior problems such as aggression, impulsivity, and oppositional defiance. Moreover, the children with disorganized attachment also face to the difficulty of emotion socialization. Lyons-Ruth and Jacobvitz concluded that disorganized attachment of infants is most common the maltreatment and other high risk cases, however, it till comprise 15% in the normative cases (as cited in Solomon, 2011). As a result, it is very important for us to know the conception of disorganized attachment, the caregiving behaviors associated with disorganized attachment, so we could know how to help the children build secure attachment.
Literature Review and Discussion
In collaboration with Mary Ainsworth, Bowlby classified attachment into three categories: secure attachment, insecure- anxious ambivalent attachment and insecure avoidant attachment. It is already a well-known fact that secure attachment is optimal for children’s developmental outcomes, the insecure-anxious ambivalent attachment and insecure avoidant attachment can also be treated as organized.(Cassidy , 1994) In a brief way, Children with secure attachment to their caregivers have the confidence with caregivers’ attention and need, so they are free to explore the environment around them because they believe that they caregivers will not leave them and they could come back if they need. Children with insecure attachment do not have this kind of confidence, even though they regard their carers as the only resource to provide comfort behaviors, this resource inconsistent with their need, their caregivers show little attention to children’s feeling, or sometime the caregving behaviors are quite disturbing instead of taking children’s need into consideration. So those children often exaggerate and intensify their display of emotion to make sure they will get the comfort from their caregiver’s attention (Cassidy & Berlin, 1994) .The Children with insecure-avoidant attachment...