The article I chose was “Dissociative experience during childbirth.” This experiment was assessing whether or not labor pain, traumatic childbirth, obstetrical variables, and previous trauma were part of causing a dissociative experience during childbirth.
The method used to study the hypothesis was by having 328 women completed five surveys up to 72 hours postpartum. They were between the ages of 18-42. Out of the group 68.6% were married or living with a partner and 43.3% had a job. The average number of years the women spent in school was 8.8yrs. More than half (59.2%), did not complete high school and only 2% (6) completed higher education. From the group, 19.2% of them had a miscarriage before. More than half (51.5%) had already had a baby before, and 22.1% had a high risk pregnancy. These surveys included the peritraumatic dissociative experience questionnaire (PDEQ), the socio-demographic and obstetrical questionnaire, the pain numeric rating scale, the Trauma History Questionnaire, and the SCID-I for traumatic events. The female participants were recruited from two maternity facilities which were located in Recife, Brazil. Participation for this experiment was voluntary and the participants were informed that if they did not wish to take part in the experiment their future care would not be affected. Out of the women asked to participated 30 refused and 328 took part in the examination. The requirements for women to participate were: 18yrs or older, up to 72 hours postpartum, and the baby was alive at the time of the interview. Women who were under treatment for a psychiatric disorder were excluded. Between July 2010 and November 2010, data was collected.
The Socio-demographic and obstetrical characteristics questionnaire was given to determine their age, marital status, professional status, level of education, type of birth delivery, time of gestation at delivery, parity, history of miscarriages, obstetrical complications, complications with the infant, enough information about the birth process and maternity care satisfaction.
Another test given was the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), which is a pain scale 0-10, 0 being no pain and 10 being the worst pain someone can feel. The participants were asked to write down their labor pain level.
The Peritraumatic Dissociative Experience questionnaire includes 10 things describing dissociative experience at the time of a traumatic event. The participants were questioned about the occurrence of events during labor, birth or immediately after birth. They were asked to fill in a scale 1-5, 1-not at all true, 2-slightly true, 3-somewhat true, 4-very true, and 5-extremely true. After they filled in the questionnaire they had scores ranging from 10-50. A score of 15 or more indicates there is significant dissociation.
The Trauma History Questionnaire was given to determine any kind of previous trauma. The questions included general disaster, experiences of crime, and physical and sexual...