Abnormal Psychology 215
Dissociative Identity Disorder is a fascinating disorder that is probably the least extensively studied and most debated psychiatric disorder in the history of diagnostic classification. It is the disruption of the normal integrative processes of consciousness, perception, memory, and identity that define selfhood. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a severe condition in which two or more distinct identities, or personality states, are present in an individual. In this paper, I will explain how someone is diagnosed, their symptoms of this disorder, and how it affects the person will be described. Also, the causes and different types of treatments will also be outlined.
According to the diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM, diagnosis of DID requires the presence of at least two personalities, with a personality being identified as an entity having a unique pattern of observation, thought, and social style involving both the self and the environment. These personalities must also display a pattern of exerting control on the individual’s behavior. Each personality has a distinct, well-developed emotional and thought process and represents a unique and relatively stable personality. The individual may change from one personality to another at periods varying from a few minutes to several years. The personalities are usually very different and have different attitudes; one may be happy, carefree and fun loving, and another quiet, studious, and serious. People can have up to fifty personalities or more. All personalities usually will have their own name and their own role. For example, one personality can be the keeper of pain, his role is to take and feel all the pain that the other personalities encounter. The personality also can have their own appearance, but this does not mean the person changes its outer image it is just the way he/she sees inside his/her head. The personalities will also have different ages, talents, and likes and dislikes.
DID symptoms include, the disruption in identity involves a change in sense of self, sense of agency, and changes in behavior, consciousness, memory, perception, cognition, and motor function. Frequent gaps are found in memories of personal history, including people, places, and events, for both the distant and recent past. Along with the dissociation and multiple or split personalities, people with dissociative disorders may experience many of other psychiatric problems such as depression, mood swings, anxiety, and self-destructive behavior.
Living day-to-day with dissociative identity disorder is tough, says Crystalie Matulewics. Matulewics struggles to get out of bed, nightmares, and has PTSD. In her article, she reassures herself and her parts inside that they are safe; the shower is a trigger that often brings back memories of sexual abuse. Before going to her therapy sessions, she says “I hold a meeting inside to see if any parts have anything to say in session....