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Dissolution Of Yugoslavia. How Might One Account Of The Violence Between People Who Have Lived Together For Decades.

2731 words - 11 pages

The peaceful dissolutions of Finland and Sweden and Czechoslovakia into what we now know to be The Czech Republic and Slovakia should have been a model for Yugoslavia. Due to several factors and not only history between each of the nations involved it has progressed from strong nationalistic sentiment to episodes of violent ethnic cleansing done by all factions included. This region has been a crossroad for Europe and an important strategic point between the West and The East from the Byzantine era to The Cold War era. History of the Balkans has been disputed for decades because of the attempt to establish historical precedence and thus justify national wish to secede from the Yugoslavian republic or justify territorial claims by yet another nation. These movements have sparked numerous misconceptions as to why this region has seen such horrid acts of violence perpetrated on civilians. Aggression and antagonism between Serbs, Croats and Muslims is of relatively recent nature, contrary to popular belief. Violent nationalistic movements are the result of Communist suppression of any national identity and Post Communist struggles between Slobodan Milosevic, Dr. Franjo Tudjman and Alija Izetbegovic for power in their respective territories.History is the integral factor in determining why this region has been subjected to this type of national strife that has turned into international more than once. The Ex-Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia was made of six republics and two autonomous regions, which were a home to multiple nations. Both Latinic and Cyrillic were considered to be official scripts, Yugoslavia also recognized the Orthodox Christian Faith (most populous1), Catholic Christian (2nd in number of followers1) and followers of Islam (who comprised the 3rd major population ).These three religions were the most influential in the former Yugoslavia and while the Serbs and the Croats were considered nations, respectively having their own territories, the Muslims were only recognized as a religious faith and not a nation until 1963. Muslims populated a mountainous region between Serbia and Croatia called Bosnia, which was a buffer between the Croats and the Serbs. Bosnia was a virtual melting pot off all three major religions/nations living in Yugoslavia between 1918 and 1991. Multi ethnic republic of Bosnia did not show many signs of religious and national intolerance in urban settings. In large cities like Sarajevo and Banja Luka mixed marriages and seeing Christian churches and Muslim Mosques being side-by-side was not uncommon. But the situation was different in rural parts where ethnic polarization was more evident. In order to prove that nationalistic conflict is a fairly recent occurrence one should note that Serbs and Croats were once a same Slav tribe who settled the Balkan Peninsula in the 7th century B.C and were originally pagan. By settling the Byzantine territories they accepted the Christian faith and were later split by...

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