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Differences And Development Of Skill In The Sporting Environment

1457 words - 6 pages

Differences and Development of Skill in
the Sporting Environment

This essay will discuss the differences and development of skill in
the sporting environment. It is essential that we understand the
different types of skill, and the difference between skill, ability
and technique and how they link with technique and are enhanced by
structured practices.

Skill can be defined as:

"Skill is an organized co-ordinated activity in relation to an object
or situation which involves a whole chain of sensory, central and
motor mechanisms"

(Welford, 2000:page-102)

This definition of skill shows that skills are learned with a goal to
achieve which makes it differ to ability and technique. Skills are a
combination of sensory, central and motor mechanisms put together to
achieve a goal. For example, kicking a football.

There are four different types of skill, which are: -

Cognitive skill involves performers mental ability to solve problems,
plan and make decisions, as well as their understanding of the nature
of their sport. For example

Perceptual is how your brain may interpret information.

Motor skills involve muscular system and concern movement and muscular
control. Perceptual motor skill is a complex process and involves
several skills. In hockey dribbling a ball around cones could be used
a skill.

People are born with innate ability. You would need ability to learn a
smash in badminton e.g. hands eye co-ordination. Lists of abilities
that can enhance structured practice are as follows: -hand eye
coordination, balance, flexibility, speed, reaction time, strength,
mobility, agility, resistance to injury, power and precision.

Ability is innate, people say but it can be developed upon.

"Basic skills can be developed upon with the correct learning
environment but however without innate ability you will never become a
super star".

(Heinemann)

From this definition we can see that the ability that you are born
with innate, can be developed upon but you still need the correct
basic skills to perform it correctly. A technique in trampolining
would be the hyperextension at the top of a straight jump.

Technique can be practiced and is the correct way of carrying out a
motor programme.

"Technique is often confused with skill due to the strong link between
the three components. To perform a skill in sport we must learn the
required technique, in order to learn the technique fully, we must
have the abilities".

(Heinemann)

SKILL=ABILITY+TECHNIQUE

This structured practice is going to show the difference between
skill, ability and technique and how they are interlinked and based on
badminton. There is a warm-up (pulse raiser, mobilizing/stretching and
re-warm) development, continuum, cool down and then an evaluation
session (session...

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