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Diversity In The Galapagos Islands Essay

1058 words - 5 pages

If not for Charles Darwin, shown on the right, the world might not see the Galapagos Islands how we do today. The islands hold exotic and extraordinary plants and animals. Of these animals, some are going extinct or have already gone extinct. There are many varieties of natural and introduced plant life.
Charles Darwin was born February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. He sailed on the HMS Beagle in 1831. He knew he was going to the Galapagos, but he didn't know that he would discover the theory of evolution.
The plants on the Galapagos Island are very tropical and numerous in varietes. According to the Galapagos Conservancy there are about six hundred and forty native species of of ...view middle of the document...

The penguins have some very interesting features. They have black and white feathers to help them with the scenery to protect them. They have shorter feathers than normal penguins which keep them from overheating. The adult penguins are sixteen to eighteen inches tall and weigh about five pounds. They live in colonies with many adult pairs to keep each other safe. They are very fast in the water swimming up to twenty two miles per hour.
The penguins breed often, all year long to be exact. Even if they breed all year round the females only lay eggs three times a year. This is because food is sometimes scarce so they only have chicks when there is more food to feed on. The Galapagos penguin mates for life. Females mate when they are between three and five years old. Males mate between four and six years old. They make their nests out of feathers, twigs, and leaves which are placed on dry lava or in caves. A female can lay one to two eggs at a time. They hatch in five to six weeks. In two months the chick start to grow their feathers. Then two months later the chicks are ready to leave the nest. They stay living in the colony until they mate.
The giant tortoise,shown on the right is another animal on the Galapagos Island. They got to the Galapagos Islands by leaving the continents that they lived on and floated from island to island until reaching the Galapagos Islands. They are one of the two groups of giant
tortoise left in the world. The other group is on Aldabra Atoll which live in the Indian
Ocean. Scientists believe they arrived on the Galapagos two to three million years ago.
There are two types of the Galapagos tortoise. The domed Carapace and the Saddle-back Carapace. The domed Carapace is larger and live in the humid highlands. The Saddle-back Carapace live on the more arid islands. One very amazing trait is that they can survive without food and water for a year.
The Galapagos tortoises past could be seen as very sad to an animal lover....

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