Diversity Of Christian Culture In India

1687 words - 7 pages

Finding common ground with Hindu culture and practices Christianity in Southern India tried to influence Indians to convert, which broken up with a Christian form vastly different from traditional Christian practices in Southern India. Christianity opened Indian door in 1813, when the abolition of the East Indian Company’s monopoly over Indian trade allowed the entry of commercial and religious trade. India was named as Hindustan, nation of Hinduism long way before during 18the century. Thus, when Christianity began to spread its roots into West India in the early 19th century, they were having minimum chances to spread Christianity widely due to the deep rooted believes and customs of Hinduism. The basic concepts of Christianity: monotheism and equality was not acceptable for Hindu people. Christian missionaries faced challenges in interacting with Hindu common people in India. Hence, they took a new version of Christianity. In an effort to spread Christianity in Southern India European missionaries adapted Christianity by including various Hindu practices and customs persuading many Indians to convert. This form of Christianity is vastly different than more traditional Christian practices.
Customs and traditions play a major role in reflecting religion and culture. Indian majority been populated by Hinduism, the customs and traditions is mainly based on Hindu practices. Hindu religion followed polytheistic believes and worshiped humanism and animism. During the past centuries Hindu people followed hierarchical system. Brahmins were the higher caste and most powerful people and untouchables were considered the lower caste people. Inequality was so powerful in India. Hindu people worshiped thousands of gods relating each God to their life practices. All their worships and offerings were to satisfy God to have his blessing and be away from his curses and anger. Bloody sacrifices and offerings were common in India (Agha Makar, “Traditional Hindu views”). From the morning till night, all the activities of Indian people were related to Hindu prayers and Vedas. They related their daily lives and needs to religion and prayers. Thus, the spread of other religion or other believes was a difficult task to be proceeded in India. During this period, in 19th century, Christian missionaries pointed their way out to India. The strong believes and customs of Hindu people challenged Christian missionaries to go ahead and spread their religion. Thus, spread of Christianity had minimum chance in India. Although, it had minimum chances, the Christian community built in India show diversity of culture and practices compared to other Christian customs in Europe due to the adaptation and influence of Hindu religion and practices.
Giving a new meaning to Jesus Christ and Mary and connecting them to Hindu life helped the Christian missionaries to relate with Hindu people. Adapting Hindu culture molded up a different Christian society over India. In order to spread...

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