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Diversity Of Species Found In Tropical Rainforests And Temperate Forests

1452 words - 6 pages

Introduction
While looking at tropical rainforests and temperate forests, one will notice a wide diversity of: species, location and values. Tropical rain forests are located along equatorial regions of the globe, while temperate forests tend to shy away from the planets waistline and reside in areas north and south of the equator. Temperature and rainfall has a profound effect on the control of temperate and tropical rainforests.
Diversity of species is influenced by the type of forest where the species is located. To determine the value of a forest, one must ask oneself the question “How does a forest affect you?” Forests affect us in ways of aesthetics, monetary gains, product supplement and any other utilization that proves beneficial. This is true of both tropical and temperate forests.
Tropical rain forests
Tropical rain forests or evergreen rain forests are located predominantly around the equator. They are found in very humid lowland climates such as the western areas of the Amazon, the western side of Africa that is centralized at the equator and most of Indo-Malaysia. Evergreen rain forests are found in just about every area that does not exhibit an annual dry season. The trees found in the evergreen rain forest do not shed their leaves seasonally due to many factors acting together: fairly consistent temperatures, amounts of needed rainfall and soil composition. Evergreen rain forests are the plushest of all plant communities. They are found in an area containing fast growing canopy tree tops that exceed forty-five meters tall. Tropical rain forests have a rich peat soil high in oxisols, untrisols and have no calcium deposits in the soil.
Tropical rain forests are being converted to agricultural land. This task is being accomplished by clearing a small portion of forest to support growth of temporary crops. Forests can recover from this type of disturbance if the area is allowed to return to primary forests from time to time. Rain forests do not have to be under constant rainfall to be considered evergreen rainforests. Evergreen forests can go up to two months without water and still remain a rain forest. Areas that receive seasonal rainfall can still sustain a rain forest, just as long as the periods of precipitation are not spaced too far apart and the correct conditions for growth are in place.
Temperate forests of the North Eastern United States
Temperate forests are affected by seasonal climate changes. Most forests in the United States are temperate and are located the North Eastern section of the country, moving upward into Canada.
There are very few temperate forests that can be considered to be untouched wilderness. The temperate forests of the North East have been subjected to agricultural activities. These forests are considered to be secondary forests. A secondary forest is one that is somewhat new and growing in an area that once supported a forest. The previous forests ceased to exist because of...

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