This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Divine Intervention In Homer's Epic Poem, The Iliad

2205 words - 9 pages

 
    The gods and goddesses that the Greek people believe in make up the

Greek mythology studied today.  These divine characters represent a family

living on Mount Olympus who intervene frequently in the lives of the human

characters in Greek plays.  They are omnipresent, for they are always observing

mans actions and working through human nature.  The gods are a higher power, and

provide explanations for otherwise unexplainable events.  The gods help humans

in trouble and give them guidance about the future.  The Olympians influence men

on earth both psychologically and physically.  In Homer's epic poem, The Iliad,

the intervention of such divine powers as Athena, Apollo, and Zeus play

significant roles in the lives of the characters and the events of the Greek-

Trojan War.

 

      Athena plays a very influential role in the Greek-Trojan War.  She is

the most constant divine supporter of the Greeks and divine enemy of the Trojans.

Athena's function is to be a goddess of pro-Greek warfare.  She came to the aid

of the Greeks many times throughout the war.  For instance, Athena came down

from the sky to stop Achilleus from attacking Agamemnon (Steiner).  Andre

Michalopoulous confirms this action by quoting what Athena says to Achilles :

       I came from heaven to stay thine anger, if perchance though wilt
       hearken to me, being sent forth of the white-armed goddess Hera,
       that loveth you twain alike and careth for you.  Go to now, cense
       from strife,  and let not thine hand draw the sword.(65)

      Achilles listens to Athena's request, and therefore he returns his sword

to its sheath, and withdraws from battle.  Athena also assists Achilles in his

battle with Hektor.  Malcolm Steiner quotes, "After deceiving Hektor into

fighting Achilles,she comes to his aid by  returning his sword to him" (244).

This intervention is the greatest assist of a divine power to a human being in

The Iliad.

      Athena also plays an influential role in the battles of Diomedes.

Martin Mueller reveals, "Athena is closest to Diomedes.  " She is with him at

the beginning and end of his aristeia and she addresses him without disguise"

(136).  Athena also urges Diomedes to fight Aphrodite.  With this command, she

removes the cloud from his eyes which made him able to see the gods.

Furthermore, as Robert Graves states, "She put fresh strength into his legs and

arms," which allowed him to sustain in battle with Aphrodite (104).  Athena

instructs Diomedes not to attack any other gods; but, Diomedes does not take her

advice, and fights against Apollo and other gods, which causes Diomedes to

retreat until he is saved by being reunited with Athena.  This powerful goddess

assistsd Diomedes greatly as she does the other characters in The Iliad.

      Another Greek warrior who...

Find Another Essay On Divine Intervention in Homer's Epic Poem, The Iliad

The Character Achilles in Homer's The Iliad

966 words - 4 pages The Character Achilles in Homer's The Iliad "The first book of The Iliad, appropriately titled the "Rage of Achilles," sets the scene for the remainder of the epic" (selu.edu/Academics/Depts/WritingCenter/The_Growth_of_Achilles.htm). "This rage is invoked by pride, a theme of pivotal importance for the Greeks. Pride is the source of the conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon in Book 1. The incident that provoked Achilles rage took place in

Prudence; This essay deals with the concept of prudence and how it is used and where in Homer's epic poem the "Odyssey."

514 words - 2 pages PrudencePenelope was clever to question the disposition of Odysseus as for she has seen frauds prior to this point in time and could not be sure of Odysseus because of his twenty-year absence. Caution was her main priority in deciding whether Odysseus had truly come home after her longing for his company and the devastating situations she was held under while he was gone. It seemed fanatical that while sleeping this all took place, and when

The Lack of Credibility in Homer's Iliad

1405 words - 6 pages fact that it was an oral story long before it was written in the form it is today, is the cause of oversight of the narrative qualities of Homer's Iliad by many critics. The narration of the story has, however, been noted as a classic example of in medias res. "The term is derived from Horace, literally meaning `in the midst of things'. It is applied to the literary technique of opening a story in the middle of the action and then applying

Similes in Homer's Iliad

1730 words - 7 pages An Examination of Similes in the Iliad - and how Homer's Use of Them Affected the Story In the Iliad, Homer finds a great tool in the simile. Just by opening the book in a random place the reader is undoubtedly faced with one, or within a few pages. Homer seems to use everyday activities, at least for the audience, his fellow Greeks, in these similes nearly exclusively. When one is confronted with a situation that is familiar, one is more

Godly Intervention in Homer's The Odyssey

1363 words - 5 pages Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, centers on Odysseus’s long and arduous voyage home and depicts a world in which the lives of humans and gods are intertwined, with gods often having influence in the fates of humans. Zeus, the king of gods, argues that humans wrongly blame the gods for their troubles and that when the gods intervene, it is only to try and help humans. From his standpoint, any misfortune is the sole responsibility of men and the gods

Divine Intervention: Athena's Role in The Odyssey

1686 words - 7 pages Divine intervention is often an integral part of ancient epic poetry as seen in Homer's The Odyssey. The role of the goddess Athena was an essential part of Odysseus's journey back to Ithaka. Athena also played a vital part in Telemakhos's life before the return of his father. Even Penelope is impacted by the help of the "grey-eyed" goddess, often inspiring Penelope to hold off the suitors as well as putting her to sleep when a situation

The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey

1408 words - 6 pages The Gods in Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey The stories told in the Iliad and Odyssey are based on stories handed down over several generations, for they preserve (as we have seen) memories of an already quiet far distant past. The two pomes show clear connection in their language and style, in the manner in which their incidents presented, and in the combination of agreement with level, which distinguish their creation. The work was

The Role of the Gods in Homer's The Iliad

539 words - 2 pages The Role of the Gods in Homer's The Iliad "We everlasting gods....Ah what chilling blows we suffer-thanks to our own conflicting wills-whenever we show these mortal men some kindness." This exert clearly states what kind of authority Homer has bestowed on his Gods. John Porter said," their constant interference in the lives of the mortals, which seems to cast them in the role of malicious puppeteers, while reducing Homer's heroes to mere

Who was the Real Hero in Homer's The Iliad?

1187 words - 5 pages because they recognize all the honorable traits he possesses. Even though The Iliad is a Greek epic poem Homer is really getting at how Hector was a better hero than Achilles or even the Hero of The Iliad. Homer shows Achilles as a selfish, disgraceful warrior that does not care about the lives of his fellow countrymen and even wish for their deaths. Achilles is put in a repulsive light while Hector is seen in a captivating way. He is a family that puts his life down for his family and City. Homer actually made Hector the real hero in The Iliad.

The Funeral Games of Patroklos in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey

2341 words - 9 pages The Funeral Games of Patroklos in Homer's Iliad and Odyssey        Coming towards the end of a war which has consumed an entire decade and laid waste the lives of many, the Greek warriors in Troy choose to take the time and energy to hold funeral games.  This sequence of events leaves the reader feeling confused because it's not something one would expect and seems highly out of place.  Throughout the epic Homer tries to describe what

Lessons from Homer's "The Iliad"

899 words - 4 pages actually involved the entire globe.Lessons from The Iliad1. Although Homer does not explicitly state that men should be weary of the gods and their interference in the life of man, he clearly attests to this lesson via powerful examples in The Iliad. Olympus is the original cause of the entire epic because it is here that Paris is summoned and subsequently promised the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen, queen of Sparta. Once the war commences

Similar Essays

Homer's Iliad Is An Anthropocentric Epic

1573 words - 6 pages believed was their role in the cosmos. Homer's Iliad, among many other themes contained in the poem, “is an anthropocentric epic exposing the ancient Greek's views about man and his relationships”(Clarke 129). Homer demonstrates both the pious and customary behaviors, as well as the impious and rebellious, to illustrate the amicable and adversarial relationships of man. Few relationships composed by Homer are exclusively one or the other. Through

Qualities Of A Hero Illustrated In Homer’s Epic Poem, The Iliad

645 words - 3 pages The Ancient Greeks idealized and worshiped their heroes, this is portrayed in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad. To become a hero in ancient Greece, one would have to live and die in pursuit of glory and honor. Both Achilles and Hector seek victory in battle to become the “true hero.” Although both characters possess many hero-like qualities, Hector proved to be the genuine hero. Heroes are viewed differently today as the average person

Divine Intervention Dealing With Greek Myths, Especially The Odyssey And The Iliad

1488 words - 6 pages Divine intervention is a feature of ancient Greek literature. One is amazed and even dumbfounded by the magical myths so frequently referred to. In Greek literature, the gods play an immense role in the lives and fates of the mortal dwellers of the earth. As one examines the gods throughout the myths and epic poems of the Greeks, one recieves a strong impression that the gods "play" with and manipulate mortals and each other. One goddess who

Divine Intervention In The Odyssey Essay

1713 words - 7 pages Polyphemus prayed, he “lifted a stone…and flung it” (118). The stone “just missed” Odysseus’s ship, however had the stone destroyed the ship, Odysseus might not have even reached home which would determine Odysseus’s life. In this case, the divine desire reigned over the mortal’s will. The tension between Poseidon and Odysseus caused Poseidon to create stir up many storms meant to slow Odysseus’s journey. When Odysseus was nearby Phaicia