Dmitri Mendeleyev, A Short Biography Spanning His Early Life, Family, Education And Career.

866 words - 3 pages

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev was and is one of the most prominent chemists of all time. Mendeleyev was born in Tobolsk, Siberia on February 7, 1834. He was the 14th and last child of Maria Dmitrievna Korniliev and Ivan Pavlovitch Mendeleev. His father was a teacher at a local gymnasium, but died while Dmitri was very young, leaving his wife to support the large family. Mendeleyev's mother then took a job managing a family-owned glass company in Aremziansk. Mendeleyev learned some basic science from his brother-in-law Bessargin, who had been exiled to Siberia because of his affiliation with the Dekabrists, a revolutionary group. As these teachings progressed, it became apparent that Mendeleyev possessed a brilliant mind for complex topics. At 14 years old, Mendeleyev was enrolled at the gymnasium in Tobolsk, but because he was so focused on science, his performance in other areas of study, such as latin and history, were only mediocre. But with support from his mother, he passed his gymnasium exams and started to look for a university to attend. After being rejected by the first university he applied to in Moscow, Mendeleyev and his mother found a friend of Ivan's at the St. Petersburg Pedagogical Institute. Mendeleyev took the entrance exams, and was admitted in fall of 1850. Shortly after his enrollment, Mendeleyev's mother and sister both died of tuberculosis. Mendeleyev continued to work hard, and in 1855, graduated at the top of his class. He then traveled to Europe to continue his studies. While working at Heidleberg with Robert Bunsen, he developed his theory of "absolute boiling point", or critical temperature. In 1861, Mendeleyev returned to St. Petersburg, and shortly after was named Professor of Chemistry at the Technological Institute. Six years later, he was also appointed professor of general chemistry at the university of St. Petersburg, a position he held until 1890, when he resigned over a dispute with the minister of education. During his studies abroad, Mendeleyev worked extensively on the solubility of alcohol in water. He later applied this knowledge to determining the proof of alcohol. By far Mendeleyev's most prominent accomplishment is the development of the periodic law. In 1868, while writing a chemistry textbook for his class titled, Principles in Chemistry, he began to become extremely interested in organizing the 63 elements that he was writing about. Mendeleyev had already had previous interest in this area, since attending the Karlsruhe conference in 1860, where Stanislao...

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