This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Collection And Retention Of Dna

2170 words - 9 pages

Introduction
DNA testing has been the center of attention in many criminal justice cases. The United States corrections centers have utilized the DNA testing process. Seventeen death row inmates have been exonerated by the use of these tests. Earl Washington was convicted of rape and murder in 1984. Although he confessed to the rape, he was also diagnosed as being mentally retarded. In October of 2000 Mr., Washington was given a DNA test and was excluded as the rapist and murderer. The Virginia Governor pardoned Mr. Washington after he had served 16 years in prison with 14 of them being on death row (ACLU, 2011). DNA testing has become the rule rather than the exception; but what happens with the DNA after a person has been acquitted, dismissed, or exonerated. Where does DNA go to die or does it? Is the DNA destroyed, or is it retained in miscellaneous databanks for further retrieval and use? In 2010, the United States Congress began a campaign designed to encourage the states to require DNA to be taken from suspects whether they had been charged with a crime or not. In the case of S. and Marper v the United Kingdom found that the retention of the applicants' fingerprints, cellular samples and DNA profiles was in violation of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Is creating a policy in the United States that demand DNA from suspects helps in finding subsequent criminals or is it just leading to a track and trace policy?
The Collection and Retention of DNA
The collection of DNA in an investigation is used most often to determine who the perpetrator(s) might be in a crime. There has been a rapid growth since its inception and legal and ethical issues have arisen. In the Double –Helix Double-Edged Sword Report, the United Kingdom states that the United States should “curb its collection and retention of DNA samples” based on the mere fact that we ascribe to a presumption of innocence within the structure of our laws. (Candidate, 2011)
Case of S. and Marper v UK (2008)
Facts
In the case of Marper v the United Kingdom in 2001, Mr. S. was arrested at the age of eleven. He was charged with attempted robbery. The police department took DNA samples of Mr. S. He was later acquitted of the charges. Mr. Marper was arrested in March of 2001and was arrested and charged with harassing his partner. The police department also took his DNA. Mr. Marper later reconciled with his partner so the charges were dropped. Both Mr. S and Mr. Marper asked the police to destroy the DNA samples; however, they refused to do so. They applied to the Administrative Court but they also refused to accept the application. Mr. S. and Mr. Marper proceeded to the Court of Appeals but they too upheld the Administrative Court’s decision. In 2004, the House of Lords also dismissed an appeal by the two applicants. It was not until the applicants put in their applications to the European Court of Human Rights that they were heard. Mr. S. and...

Find Another Essay On The Collection and Retention of DNA

The Effects Of Grade Retention Essay

972 words - 4 pages . Statistically, with as many as 15% of all American students held back each year and 30-50% held back at least once before ninth grade, the rate of retention has increased by approximately 40% in the last 20years (Wu et al, 2010). This paper will give the reader an overview of the effects grade retention has on students academic performance, socialization and how it eventually leads them to dropout of school. A number of scholarly articles will be used to

The DNA of Relationships Essay

849 words - 4 pages The book, The DNA of Relationships, by Dr. Gary Smalley was a great, interesting book to read. Moreover than to improve my marriage relationship, I learned of what the actions to endanger all my relationships and taking the responsibility to have safe, full of heart steps to face the dangers. Overall, The DNA of Relationships was a powerful book to read to learn face the dangers of all the relationships and taking the steps to make sure that

Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material

1204 words - 5 pages Confirmation of Bacterial Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material Biol2000Lab5: Randall Barley April 15 2014 (late) 001167698 Julius Moore   Confirmation of Transformation and DNA as the Inducing Material Introduction The experiments in this report are a recreation the famous Griffith and Avery experiments which discovered the transformation process that bacteria can undertake and that DNA is the genetic material, respectively

History and Discovery of DNA

1059 words - 4 pages DNA is the common name for Deoxyribonucleic acid. This is made up of nucleic acids containing deoxyribose (sugar), consisting of complex molecules, present in the chromosomes of all plant and animal cells, and carrying in coded form instructions for passing on hereditary characteristics.The DNA molecule takes the shape of a double helix, a simple structure that resembles gently twisted ladders. The rails of the ladder are made of pairs of

The DNA Essay Genetic and Environmental components of Williams syndrome

792 words - 4 pages bacterial interference (such as the Human Papilloma virus, which is shown as having an uncanny ability to alter DNA of the surrounding cells such that it can cause malignant cancers) . Fascinatingly, scientists have been able to map out possible links between specific proteins contained within genes and their possible contribution to human characteristics. For example CLIP2, GTF21, GTF21RT1, LIMK1, would be lined to the neurological and behavioral

The Applications of DNA Typing

2122 words - 9 pages DNA Typing has become more present in the world with the creation of new technology, allowing justice to be served in courtrooms, helping to identify bodies after major devastating events have occurred, and also in processes that the average human does not pay much attention to such as the production of biofuels. The process of DNA Typing is not easy considering the fact one must first go through the multi-step process of DNA extraction. Along

Solving the Structure of DNA

945 words - 4 pages The Double Helix by James Watson is his personal reflection on discovering the structure of the DNA molecule. With contributions of other scientists, James Watson and Francis Crick were able to solve the structure of DNA. Through contributions and integral relationships of Watson and Crick to Maurice Wilkins, Rosalind Franklin, Linus Pauling, and other smaller contributors the DNA structure was finally solved. The first and primary contribution

DNA - The Thread of Life

693 words - 3 pages The 'thread of life', is deoxyribonucleic acid, otherwise known as DNA. It is the spiral shaped molecule found in the nucleus of cells. Scientists have known since 1952 that DNA is the basic substance of heredity. This was hypothesized, and later confirmed by James D. Watson and Francis Crick. They also know that it acts like a biological computer program over 3 billion bits long that 'spells' out instructions for making the basic building

Examination and collection of blood evidence

980 words - 4 pages Examination and Collection of Blood Evidence Outline 05/11/2014Blood evidence linked to a crime can offer information that can solve the case. It is critical to properly document, collect, examine, and preserve this kind of evidence. There are many different tests associated with blood evidence that can result in a multitude of results and information on the crime. Blood evidence that is correctly collected and preserved can create a solid

Examination and collection of blood evidence

980 words - 4 pages Examination and Collection of Blood Evidence Outline 05/11/2014Blood evidence linked to a crime can offer information that can solve the case. It is critical to properly document, collect, examine, and preserve this kind of evidence. There are many different tests associated with blood evidence that can result in a multitude of results and information on the crime. Blood evidence that is correctly collected and preserved can create a solid

The Steganographick Collection and The muse

11167 words - 45 pages The Steganographick Collection and The museIntroductionThe Steganographick Collection is a fascinating document in itself but when examined in regard to The Hypnertomachia Poliphilia and the later Chymical Wedding it takes on a new dimension. Because of the complexity of the works discussed here and frequent references too them, I have included a section from Day Five of the Chymical Wedding (hereafter referred to as CW) , a copy of the

Similar Essays

Sakunatala And The Ring Of Collection

1262 words - 6 pages Sakuatla and the Ring of Recollection Love is the ultimate feeling or emotion that every human has in them, love can be expressive in songs, dramas, or plays. In Sakuntala and the ring of recollection, Sakuntala and King Dusyanta love for each triumph over a tragedy ending. The play portrays romance between two people that have strong Hindu beliefs and hiding their love from their family and friends. Will hunting in the woods King

The Pros And Cons Of Dna Profiling

875 words - 4 pages Does DNA profiling in its current state offer foolproof identification? What needs to be in place for it to be error-free? Should all incarcerated criminals be forced to give samples? Should convicted juveniles? Should the general public be required to give a DNA sample? The pros of DNA profiling are that it can be used to quickly eliminate a suspect, saving time in searches for perpetrators. And it can provide compelling evidence to support a

Chemistry And The Structure Of Dna

690 words - 3 pages Genetics relies on chemistry to explain phenomena related to the field. The structure of DNA relies on chemistry. In fact, when James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of DNA, they did so by building models based on the laws of chemistry. Chemistry also relates heavily to the structure and function of one of the main products of DNA: protein. Chemistry dictates the structure of DNA. DNA is a polymer of monomers called nucleic

Fire Science Recruitment And Retention Of The Volunteer Fire Dept

1882 words - 8 pages "Volunteer Fire Department Recruitment and Retention"May 15, 2003John Jay College of Criminal Justice Volunteer Fire Department 2AbstractThe recruitment and retention problems in the volunteer fire department arebecoming more evident in today's society. There are many challenges facing theseissues. The physical demands and time demands associated with training, runningemergency calls