Do Cognitive Based Games And Activities Help Memory In Older Adults

1717 words - 7 pages

As we age, many of our body’s abilities begin to fade (Hedden & Gabrieli, 2004; Nilson, 2003; as cited in Basak, Book, Voss, & Kramer, 2008). Two important abilities that decline quickly are our ability to process information and our memory (Schaie, 1996; Bopp & Verhaegen, 2005; as cited in Basak, Book, Voss, & Kramer, 2008). It has been medically proven that after the age of sixty, people are at risk of losing their cognitive control (Basak, Book, Voss, & Kramer, 2008). By the year 2030, it is estimated that the population consisting of individuals sixty-five and older is expected to rise up to 71.5 million (Stineman, Xie, Pan, Kurichi, Saliba, & Streim, 2011). The problem with the inflation in the older population is how to take care of them and their cognitive decline, so that their lifestyles and health can be preserved (Stineman,, 2011).
+ It has been proven that it is possible for older adults to maintain or even improve their cognition as they age (Hertzog, Kramer, Wilson, & Lindenberger, 2008; as cited in Heisz, Wu, Vandermorris, McIntosh, & Ryan, 2014). To help cognition it is suggested that aging adults become and stay physically active (Hertzog,, 2008; as cited in Heisz,, 2014). With the studies coming out about how being active can actually help someone with their health issues, many doctors are prescribing stimulating activities and physical activities for the older adult population (Heisz,, 2014). The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services found that with older adults sedentary lifestyles and few stimulating activities can lead to increased illnesses along with decreased lifestyles (Department of Health and Human Services, 1996; as cited in Cardenas, Henderson, & Wilson, 2009). Cardenas, Henderson, and Wilson also stated that only one-third of the geriatric community is actually getting thirty minutes of stimulating physical activity daily (2009). Because of this decrease in stimulation for the older population, many facilities and families are looking for activities to implement that can help their residents and family members (Cardenas,, 2009).
Literature Review
There have been some studies done on the decline in cognitive abilities in the older adult population. Most of the recent studies conducted have mainly used video games or simulated games that the subject participates in alone (Boot, Champion, Blakely, Wright, Souders & Charness, 2013). Boot, Champion, Blakely, Wright, Souders & Charness wanted to study the impact that playing video games would have on the digression of cognition that is associated with growing old (2013). The reasoning that the authors gave for choosing video games over other interventions, was that video games seemed to have better interventions and seemed to be more enjoyable (Boot, Champion, Blakely, Wright, Souders & Charness, 2013). The authors found that that the cognition did not improve greatly, and that video games as means to improve cognition should be...

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