Do Standardized Test Scores Give A Great Indication Of A Schools Capabilities?

1241 words - 5 pages

Edwards 1Nijah EdwardsMs. Brittni DelmaineEnglish III 1st PeriodSeptember 24, 2014The current era's education is known to be defined by students themselves, including their academic success, the value of educators and instructional quality in America, learning standards adopted by each individual state, anxiety, the role played by parents outside of a school setting, and much more. Most Americans believe that student's standardized test scores are the only legitimate indicator of a school's efficiency. Since 1965, when the United States Elementary and Secondary Education Act became a law, standardized testing has been used to evaluate American public schools. The ultimate goal of standardized testing is to examine how well teachers are preparing students and to improve student achievement. Some people would argue that standardized testing accomplishes the goal of examining educators, allowing them to better their skills for the future, while others would argue that the idea of standardized testing damages the educational system altogether. The leading debate that concerns most, but is brushed off by many, is whether the success of standardized testing should be used to indicate a student's, teacher, and/or school's capabilities.The key objective of the American educational system is for every student to graduate from high school, college and career ready. In 1959, when Everet Lindquist launched the American College Test (ACT), it was "designed as a test of student's general educational development and could be used with other criteria to predict student success at the college level." After the launching of this well-known assessment, testing was being put in use in many educational settings. In 1954, as a part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's, "War on Poverty" , the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was introduced. This act was reauthorized in 2001, which is now known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) . This reauthorized act "requires states to develop assessments in basic skills. States must give assessments to all students at select grade levels in order to receive federal school funding."Race to the Top was introduced by President Barack Obama in 2012, which is a school district competition across the United States. This initiative was put forth to raise standards, with the goal of college and career readiness. In addition, Race to the Top has lead states to develop "rigorous standards and better assessments", "support teachers and school leaders to become more effective", and provide intervention for low performing schools. ( Now that Race to the Top has become worldwide, it has become a controversial topic. Civil Rights organizations have argued that "federal funding should be based on need, not competition." As a result of the Race, teachers will be evaluated in relation to their students test scores. In a Huffington Post, updated in 2011, research professor and author Diane Ravitch stated that "it will make the...

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