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Do The Benefits Of Tourism Outweigh The Problems It Brings In Its Wake? Critically Analyse

1284 words - 5 pages

Tourism in LEDC's"Do the benefits of tourism outweigh the problems it brings in its wake?Discuss with reference to LEDC's."Less developed countries around the world, struggle to develop and keep up with more developed countries. In order to fast track their way through the development process, LEDC's see tourism as a quick get-out clause. However, whilst foreign money can cause the improvement of infrastructure, there are many problems that tourism brings in its wake, as Issa G. Shivji said: "Where in the 'Third World' has tourism brought development?"Between the years of 1950 and 1980, the number of international tourists increased from 225 million to 285 million. Magabogunje said: "In many countries, although a minority of the population seems to have prospered beyond belief, the miserable conditions in which the majority lives, seem to have persisted and in many cases to have worsened." Some countries try to develop tourism in order to develop the country in general, so that the gap between them and richer countries becomes narrower, however, this has in some cases, actually widened.Tourism can generate many benefits, such as employment and income, as well as infrastructure improvement. In some countries, tourism can be important as it may provide a way to maintain a level of economic activity sufficient to prevent migration of people from underdeveloped regions to more developed areas. This can be seen in Indonesia, where many people have migrated from the islands, such as Sumatra, whereas the development of tourism on Bali, has meant people have not migrated to Java and Jakarta.Although tourism can bring employment to the local community, these jobs tend to be the cheap labour, low-skilled jobs, such as cleaners and bar men. The higher-ranked jobs, such as hotel manager, often go to foreigners from where the money is coming from. This means that the money does not put into the local economy. The local government often gives money to the development of tourism rather than the local population, so this leads to a worsening of the situation, with less money going to health, education and housing.The large number of jobs can also lead to the disintegration of the family community with many youths leaving home early to get jobs in the resorts. The general culture can become 'bastardised' by the introduction of tourists who bring with them their own wishes for what they should see on their holiday. This can be seen in Thailand, and particularly Bangkok, where the development of tourism, has caused a new kind of tourism: sex tourism. It is estimated that there are now 700,000 female prostitutes in Thailand, who tend to be poorly educated young women, who are incapable of finding suitable work for themselves in the cities. This type of tourism has lead to the huge number of over 2 million males visiting Thailand each year, causing mass problems with sexual-transmitted diseases, such as AID's, which now 500,000 people have.The Gambia has tried to...

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