Do We Aspire To Democracy, Or Is Democracy Something Achieved?

1825 words - 7 pages

There are various systems of governance, namely democracy, autocratic, authoritarian, despotic, dictatorial, tyrannical, totalitarian, absolutist, traditional, monarchic, oligarchic, plutocratic, aristocratic, and sultanistic. Of all the systems of governance named democracy is the only system which takes into consideration the rights of the people. All the other forms, power is given to individual or individuals, because of wealth or birthright. Democracy according to Dahl “is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representative”, (4). Another way to define democracy is “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system”, (, 2014). With these definitions in to consideration do we aspire to democracy, or is it something achieved?
There are various principles which democracy encompasses sovereignty, equality, liberty, representation, citizenship and majority rule. Sovereignty means “supreme authority within a territory. It is a modern notion of political authority”, (Philpott, 2010). Historical variants can be understood along three dimensions the holder of sovereignty, the absoluteness of sovereignty, and the internal and external dimensions of sovereignty, an assemblage of states forms a sovereign states system”, (Philpott, 2010). The difference of commonwealths consisted in the difference of the sovereign, or the person representative of all, and because the sovereignty is either in one man, or in an assembly of more than one, and into that assembly every man has the right to enter, (Blaug & Schwarzmantel, 38). When the representative is one man, then the common-wealth is a monarchy; when an assembly of all that will come together, then it is a democracy, when an assembly of a part only, then it is called an aristocracy, (Blaug & Schwarzmantel, 38). With Democratic sovereignty the people make legislative decisions and rules that will govern them. The concept of sovereignty is that a state should have the ability to guarantee the best interests of its citizens, if this could not be achieved this could not be a sovereign state. The people are only considered free in a sovereign state, if t sovereignty is completely given to the people, and consensus is maintained. Democracy is the essence of sovereignty in that, decision are made in best interest of the public, as citizens participate in decision making.
Equality is desired by all, democracy tries to attain equality for citizens. Equality according to Oxford dictionaries is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities; however the term equality is a debatable in the political realm. According to Gosepath (2007),the terms equality signify a qualitative relationship,...

Find Another Essay On Do we Aspire to Democracy, or is Democracy Something Achieved?

Is America and Empire? Can we square the policies of an empire with democracy and foreign affairs?

1225 words - 5 pages . empire is a new breed of empire in this modern world.The U.S. has been becoming an empire since our successful defeat in the revolutionary war. This building of an empire started with the gaining of the U.S.'s independence. The first colonies of America were able to defeat a high powered British empire. We have built a democratic republic and look for the opinions of the people. The successes of our democracy and free markets have led to our

How did 'modern democracy' develop in America? What did the British do to anger the Americans after 1763 to make them want to go to war?

1294 words - 5 pages do this is to have a government system where it will concern about people's self interest. As a result, a democratic government is developed where most issues were approved or discussed by the people before it was passed.Pragmatism means human taking practical actions to problems. America is a new, strange land to the colonists. The colonists had to be very flexible to cope with the wilderness. Secularism means the exclusion of religious and

Reforming Australia’s Constitution and System of Government Our democracy is a proud inheritance from previous generations. But what should modern Australians do to keep this Nation as good as it...

2032 words - 8 pages Untitled TITLE: Reforming Australia's Constitution and System of Government Our democracy is a proud inheritance from previous generations. But what should modern Australians do to keep this Nation as good as it can be for us and our children? What would you do? ## Adapting to a New Century ## Generations of Australians have put their faith in elected representatives and given them mandates to manage the country

Democracy Then is Democracy Now

1468 words - 6 pages difficult for another man like Lincoln to become president. America is still more like democracy though this instance shows a movement towards oligarchy. Of all the constitutions Socrates describes in Plato’s Republic, his description of democracy is most similar to the government of the United States. The other constitutions mentioned do not have as many similarities as can be found between the democratic constitution and the United States

Democracy -- good or bad

700 words - 3 pages the city level. He perverted his authority to remain in power. His action was not the expression of his personal feelings, but instead a selfish attempt to gain popularity for reelection. He was trying to please the "chanting protesters." This can be construed as either tyranny, or democracy. It resembles democracy in that the government is being run by the mobs for their own self interest. Also, it is similar to tyranny in that the single

The Athenian Democracy Compared to Today's Democracy

2340 words - 9 pages judges, decided when to go to war, and who to make alliances with. Every eligible male citizen was expected to participate in the governing of their country. The American democracy is a representative democracy. In the representative democracy citizens vote for people to represent them in the government. We choose who we want to speak for us in the government and who we want to make our decisions for us. In the American democracy, we vote for

What is Democracy

1700 words - 7 pages turn began to influence governmental policies, in Washington politics they are known as special interest groups. Both Liberal and Conservatives catered to the interest of big businesses through a series of tax subsidiaries and deregulation. Over half of the U.S economy is dominated by a few large corporations. Moving forward to the twenty first century there is a great debate in this country about what type of capitalistic system we should have

Democracy According to Mailer

3496 words - 14 pages , Americans accepted what they had and then took steps to improve upon it. Our democracy sometimes slips into a debacle in desperate need of correction, and after we recognize that something has to be done, we as Americans need to be willing to do whatever is necessary to improve ourselves both as individuals and together as a nation. Norman Mailer writes in order to help realize our flaws as a society, and to help us realize that, although we may have

From Communism to Democracy

910 words - 4 pages attempt to do so is failing. Many branches of the new economy are still socialized, and reforms are necessary to fulfill a change. People think that a change from communism to democracy should bring a better life, but in reality those countries suffer a period of stagnation. There are many causes for such a situation, which are revealed in different aspects of life and history. The principles of communism promote equal facilities for everybody

Steps to Democracy

1007 words - 4 pages A democracy is “a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representatives” (Schmitter and Karl 76). In order to establish a democracy, first the people of Ozland need to elect officials in a democratic fashion. In order to draft a liberal constitution, leaders must be elected. The leaders can then draft

Transition to Democracy

2030 words - 8 pages Since the initiation of the Third Wave of Democracy, several countries have attempted to form a democratic system of governs. We take note that not all have succeeded. At the dawn of this era, democracy was being applied to countries with no prior history of a governing body that was place by the people for the people hence success of such a system could not be guaranteed because of the innumerous variables that existed in each country. People

Similar Essays

What Kind Of Democracy? What Democracy Are We In ?

1241 words - 5 pages much by the extent to which it upholds the form of democracy, but the spirit."Do we want the establishment of democratic regimes," he asked, "that will soon come to deny those liberal, humanistic values we see as essential to human rights?"Finally this article talks about self-determination and democracy. Often people confuse the idea of self determination with the idea of democracy. Self determination is a demand for freedom from one perspective

Was Autocracy In The Middle Ages Better Or Worse Than The Democracy We Live In Today?

573 words - 2 pages Introduction."Australian democracy is a fairer system of government than the autocracy of medieval time" Discuss. A topic that has the ability to make people question their own government. Is it true, was it really better living with the autocracy of medieval times, or is today's government more humane to all people living in our society?In the Australian democratic system everyone gets a say.A government is put into power by receiving votes in

In A Democracy We Have Many Rights. In A Dictatorship People Do Not Have The Same Rights.

544 words - 2 pages individuals can group together to form pressure groups i.e. the Petrol people's lobby or political parties i.e. the Conservative party, to achieve the same ideals.Democracy.In a democracy everyone has one vote, which they can use to elect their choice of leader. There can be much chitchat about the good and bad points of all candidates. Everyday people can complain about unreasonable laws or rules by going on a protest march, (as long as it is a

By 1928 All The Essentials Of Democracy Had Been Achieved. Discuss

2157 words - 9 pages "By 1928 all the essentials of Democracy had been achieved. Discuss"Between 1867 and 1928 there was significant progress in the search for a more democratic Britain and although the electoral system was not wholly perfect, the essentials of democracy had been achieved. There were many undemocratic features in the 1850's which led to pressure mounting for reform such as overt voting, not all adult men had the vote; constituencies were very uneven