Do We Aspire To Democracy, Or Is Democracy Something Achieved?

1825 words - 7 pages

There are various systems of governance, namely democracy, autocratic, authoritarian, despotic, dictatorial, tyrannical, totalitarian, absolutist, traditional, monarchic, oligarchic, plutocratic, aristocratic, and sultanistic. Of all the systems of governance named democracy is the only system which takes into consideration the rights of the people. All the other forms, power is given to individual or individuals, because of wealth or birthright. Democracy according to Dahl “is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representative”, (4). Another way to define democracy is “government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system”, (Dictionary.com, 2014). With these definitions in to consideration do we aspire to democracy, or is it something achieved?
There are various principles which democracy encompasses sovereignty, equality, liberty, representation, citizenship and majority rule. Sovereignty means “supreme authority within a territory. It is a modern notion of political authority”, (Philpott, 2010). Historical variants can be understood along three dimensions the holder of sovereignty, the absoluteness of sovereignty, and the internal and external dimensions of sovereignty, an assemblage of states forms a sovereign states system”, (Philpott, 2010). The difference of commonwealths consisted in the difference of the sovereign, or the person representative of all, and because the sovereignty is either in one man, or in an assembly of more than one, and into that assembly every man has the right to enter, (Blaug & Schwarzmantel, 38). When the representative is one man, then the common-wealth is a monarchy; when an assembly of all that will come together, then it is a democracy, when an assembly of a part only, then it is called an aristocracy, (Blaug & Schwarzmantel, 38). With Democratic sovereignty the people make legislative decisions and rules that will govern them. The concept of sovereignty is that a state should have the ability to guarantee the best interests of its citizens, if this could not be achieved this could not be a sovereign state. The people are only considered free in a sovereign state, if t sovereignty is completely given to the people, and consensus is maintained. Democracy is the essence of sovereignty in that, decision are made in best interest of the public, as citizens participate in decision making.
Equality is desired by all, democracy tries to attain equality for citizens. Equality according to Oxford dictionaries is the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities; however the term equality is a debatable in the political realm. According to Gosepath (2007),the terms equality signify a qualitative relationship,...

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