Do We Have To Learn To Think Scientifically To Find The Truth?

1420 words - 6 pages

To answer this question, it is first essential to explore how we find truth. By exploring this, it suggests that scientific thought can be a necessity in the search for truth, however some views suggest otherwise. Although scientific thought is a form of knowledge and is required for the search for truth, we are unable to learn to think scientifically. Therefore, the word 'learn' changes the answer to 'no', where it would have otherwise been 'yes'.It is universally accepted that for something to be true, it must be tested. Although the scientific methods are limited in their applications and reliability, there are some ways of finding truth through truth tests. Three general truth tests tat can be applied to any truths: the correspondence test (which requires something to fit consistently with an object or event, e.g. measuring two people who are supposedly the same height), the coherence test (just measuring the consistency of something within a system, such as testing a new math's formula with some numbers) and the pragmatic test (simply, if it works it is true, testing only the claim and does not worry about the reasons behind the truth).Determining truth in science is based on induction, repeatability and predictability. By observing the same events over and over again, we use inductive reasoning to arrive at conclusions about the truth of a premise. It, however, does not take into account that in this finite amount of data, a sample within the sample set that breaks the rules is missing. Because the search for truth is so tedious (entire books exist on the search for truth), for the duration of this essay, I will assume that by the search for truth, we speak of whatever we find that is closest to the truth, since, for these reasons, science cannot provide us with an 'absolute' truth.In all three of these 'truth tests', scientific thought is employed. The correspondence test requires us to relate and compare. This observation is an important factor in all scientific processes and allows us to accurately perceive what is being tested. The coherence test requires scientific analytical skills to observe a system as a whole and then assess it to see whether everything suitably adheres. Scientific skills of classification and organization are also crucial for this test. Finally, the pragmatic test is based purely on observation on whether something works or not. Observing through repeated tests is also a factor that is prevalent in science. Generally, all the truth tests require the scientific skills of logic and the ability to investigate and form conclusions using scientific methodologies.This is how we think scientifically, but can we learn to think scientifically? The fact that we know how to think scientifically would suggest 'yes, but below the surface we find that the answer is actually 'no'. The question implies that scientific thought is a skill that we learn through our lives, which is evidently not true. For example, an infant begins to...

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