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Do You Feel That Computer Generated Imagery (Cgi) Should Be The Way Forward For The Film Industry? Base Your Argument On At Least Two Theoretical Frameworks.

3137 words - 13 pages

Starting with Pixar's Toy Story in 1995, computer based 3D animation has met with both critical and commercial success. Throughout this essay I aim to consider the use of animation and CGI, in particular, in feature length films and argue whether animation should be the way forward for the film industry. I will also consider the views of some of the major film theorists and relate these views to the world of CGI. Theorists I will examine include Sergei Eisenstein, (formalist theory) Rudolph Arnheim, (anti - realist), Sigfreid Kracauer (Realist) and Andre Bazin (Neo-realist). To decide whether animation and in particular CGI should be the way forward for the film industry I think you have to look briefly at the history of animation and CGI and try to discover trends that may occur and assess whether these trends lead to success or failure.The animated film is an enormously wide category, traditionally understood as film that is shot frame by frame and by which drawings and objects are given the appearance of moving. However, it ranges from Hollywood cartoons to abstract modernist animation, from puppet (stop motion) films to types of special effects cinema to computer generated imagery. One thing is clear; animation is older than cinema, and indeed almost as old as photography. Niepce mad the first still photograph in 1826, six years later Plateau invented the Phenakistoscope and the Zoetrope appeared just one year later again. These later two devices were examples of what we would call drawn animation. They consisted of a series of pictures shown to a viewer in one quick momentum to give the illusion of movement.Before the advent of CGI in the 1980's animation was divided into two categories; drawn animation, which involved photographing a series of two dimensional hand drawn images, and model animation (stop-motion) which uses three dimensional puppets and models.Ten years ago Tim Burton's The Nightmare before Christmas (Selick, 1993) impressed animators as well as film critics with its mastery of stop-motion* animation. Coupled with the Oscar won that year by The wrong trousers (Park, 1993) it seemed that stop-motion, an animation technique largely confined to television advertising, was at last becoming a serious rival to cell animation. However just two years later saw the arrival of Toy Story (Lasseter, 1995), and the world of animation and film changed. CGI had already been used in live-action films and John Lasseter had been making CGI short productions since 1985 but this was the first full length film to be entirely computer generated."The term CGI is a misnomer - the computer doesn't generate the images. That would be like calling traditional animation Pencil-Generated Imagery. No matter what the tool is, it requires an artist to create art".-John Lasseter **There are two broad categories of digital imaging that currently exist. Digital image processing covers applications such as removing unwanted elements form a frame, for example,...

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