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Do You Think That Human Nature Is Good, Or Evil, Or Both Good And Evil, Or Neither Good Nor Evil?

1154 words - 5 pages

Human nature can be defined as the distinguishing characteristics, including ways of thinking, feeling and acting that humans tend to have naturally. According to the lecture note on Week ten, Confucianism had stated that the most important aspect of human nature is the moral aspect. For thousands of years, the moral aspect of human nature was always discussed by many philosophers. They had different points of view on this topic. Mencius thought that human nature is good but Xunzi believed that human nature is evil. In another points of view, YangHsiung believed that Human nature is mixture of good and evil. In the principle of Yin-yang, human nature was considered to be neither good nor ...view middle of the document...

This behavior of babies show the presence of self-righteousness which is the feeling of dislike and shame on human naturally. From the above evidences, we can found that human nature have both good and bad components naturally, therefore good and evil can both used to describe human nature.

Furthermore, the content of human nature is influenced by our surroundings such as our family, schools and friends. Kao Tzu had said that the nature of man is like thrilling water. This means that the attitude of people toward things will be changed with our surroundings. This change can influence us to be good or bad. A research study conducted in University of Michigan found that the number of juvenile prisoners whose parents divorced was twelve times higher than that whose parents remained married in Wisconsin. This trend continues even the prisoners were adult. There were seventy percent of prisoners who were under long prison for serious crimes came from a divorced family (Patrick and Robert, 2000). This findings illustrate that human nature will become evil when people are negatively affected by the surroundings especially their parents. Moreover, human nature can also be good under good social environment. Another study shown that adolescents will behave prosocially and responsibly if they gain support and caring from parents, teachers and peers (Kathryn, 1997). This suggest that human nature can also be good by the influences of our surroundings. The evidences from the above can show that our surroundings such as family and schools have the effect on our human nature. Since human nature can be changed with our different situations, human nature is both good and evil.

Some people may said that people are selfish and will only do something that beneficial to them only under the capitalist society, therefore they think human nature is evil. However, we can found that a variety of people in the world are doing charity work in aim of helping others. For instance, after the Sichuan earthquake which occurred in 2008, China received ten billion Chinese Yuan of donation which donated from people in China and even foreign countries (Lauren, 2008). This implies that although they are doing something that may not beneficial to them such as giving money and materials to people that they do not know without expecting any returns, they are still willing to do so because of their mercy and kindness. Moreover, Chan Cheuk-ming, the owner of Pei Ho...

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