In the last years, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has become a very popular method used for the early detection of breast cancer, because it has greater sensibility than mammography. But, opponents of MRI are concerned about this type of examination because of the belief that it may increase rates of mastectomy. However, different studies have been performed and no proof of this has been recorded (Dang and Zaguiyan et al 937). Although many people think that mastectomy may increase with MRI’s, I feel that these types of screenings should be more recommendable for women at high risk for breast cancer, because cancer, if not treated on time might be fatal.
Mammography has been traditionally used for breast examination, in order to detect abnormalities, but women with dense breast tissue are not very sensitive to this modality. (Dang and Zaguiyan et al 937). Due to this fact, I think MRI’s may permit higher rates of survival than mammography, because it can give more visible results and it has higher sensibility to breast tissue. However, I understand that there is often a concern that use of MRI may increase rates of mastectomy, but this belief has been proven to be mistaken.
Between 1997 and 2003, The Mayo Clinic Rochester carried out an analysis that demonstrated that magnetic resonance imaging for breast cancer did show an increase of mastectomy. But, concurrently that same increased was shown among patients who had never had an MRI (quoted in Dang and Zaguiyan 937). The results seem to have no relation between increased rates of mastectomy and MRI’s, and conclusions may be disturbing.
However, according to the Saul and Joyce Brandman Breast Center, Department of Surgery and the Cedars –Sinai Medical Center; unlike The Mayo Clinic Rochester, they carried out an analysis with a representative portion of the nation as a whole. They came up with the hypothesis that MRI did not increase rates of mastectomy, and as they expected the results showed that patients considered with early breast cancer, did not make a difference in mastectomy rates (quoted in Dang and Zaguiyan et al 937-938).
It is only a presumption that magnetic resonance imaging use contributes to mastectomy, and some do not support this conclusion (Dang and Zaguiyan et al 939). But as the evidence shows, there is no proof that magnetic resonance imaging may cause an increase of mastectomy. I think the real issue is just a matter of controversy, and conclusions seem to have been prematurely made.
In the other hand, the fact that Magnetic Resonance Imaging is not affected by breast density has been mentioned repeatedly. Despite its sensitivity, which is...