Does Development Occur In Stages Or Is It A Continuous Process? Critically Discuss With Research To Psychological Theory And Research Findings

2007 words - 9 pages

John Dewey focuses on what he considers as the audacity of imagination being one of the most vocal theorists on education and the related policies. He defines education as a process of instruction, whereby it is unified by encouraging good. His theory of inquiry concentrates on the evolution of the human race with respect to their surroundings. In addition, Dewy adopted the theory of evolution initiated by Charles Darwin. Hence he is of the view that organisms in respect to their surroundings evolve due to the need to survive since their natural environments determine the causes of action as well as the behaviour.
Dewey used what is considered as pragmatism, whereby the students are ...view middle of the document...

Thus, the cognitive process plays a significant role in the learning process and judgment. Learning is a social activity, which is not confined to the classroom. Hence, Dewey’s view is that education or the learning process for students should not be restricted to the classroom but should include non-classroom activities, which will enable students to achieve education about life (Dewey, 1966).
Dewey is of the opinion that no one can predict future events and happenings in terms of education with precision. He considers that it is impossible for teachers or instructors to prepare students for definite conditions in the world through knowledge and education. That is why teachers should focus on giving the students the ability of “command for self” (Dewey, 1966). These are the needed skills for self-determination irrespective of the future conditions, which are unknown. Teachers are tasked with imparting knowledge and skill to the students to enable them to have capacities for sustenance. After attainment of such knowledge and skills, a student has tools such as sight and hearing and other medium, which would enable to fathom the conditions present and thus to use the skills and knowledge attained for individual progress as well as survival.
A good model for instruction should prepare students to meet the society and life in general in non-classroom settings. It should provide true societal interactions among the students. This is because societal interactions are inherently the mediums of execution of work and the effective use of technological tools for communication as well as additional learning in the societal context. He addresses technology as an elaborate means of living as well as a medium for facilitating education. He defines technology, as “technology is understood as the intelligent production of new tools”; hence technology is an essential tool for communication as well a tool for the learning processes (Dewey, 1966).
Dewey emphasizes that the processes of learning should not be restricted “subject” matter or topics, the memorization and regurgitation of facts and other information learnt within the classroom setting (Dewey, 1966). Instructional processes should be based on real world applications. Such created motivation on the part of the students makes them enthusiastic in learning and gaining knowledge and skills for application in their daily non-classroom settings. Dewey considers that necessary processes of learning should connect the skills and material learnt and their relation to the real world and society.
In addition, the attained real world skills should be embedded in the classroom learning with the aim of psychologizing the instructions attained from either the classroom or non-classroom settings. Information presented in relation to the general interest of the students is crucial enabling them to associate what they learn in the classroom setting and actualize such knowledge and skills in the society and real life...

Find Another Essay On Does development occur in stages or is it a continuous process? Critically discuss with research to psychological theory and research findings

Describe one process theory of motivation- why is it a process theory? What are the features and how does it apply to the workplace?

806 words - 3 pages comparable college- was getting $40,000 a year? Most likely result would be setting. The issue now centres on relative rewards and what you believe is fair. Individuals can also compare their effort-reward ratio to one that they experienced at another point in time. Equity theorists assume that this social comparison process is driven by our concern with fairness or equity. We perceive effort and reward not in absolute but in relative terms (Adams, 1965

Development Stages and Theory Essay

1400 words - 6 pages lifespan development is an intriguing and exciting process that researchers encounter either throughout peoples’ lives or from their own experiences. However, in order to thrive positively to the next stage of an individual’s life, according to developmental stages of Erik Erikson, a person needs to overcome the challenges and resolve the crisis immediately. If the crisis is ignored and unresolved, it will go on to the next stage of development and

Does migration enhance or hinder Africa’s development? Discuss with reference to regional and external migration.(

1101 words - 5 pages Migration and development with regards to Africa are two interdependent processes. In the hopes of diversifying their sources of income through development, people become mobile by seeking better living conditions, education and more advanced labor markets. Migration allows goods, services, skills and labor to be spread across Africa this is a positive thing in terms of the continents development as it becomes more productive. Today climate

Satisfied employees are more productive. Discuss this statement critically, drawing on theory and research

2182 words - 9 pages basic satisfactory requirements of an employee so that he can allow himself to work and perform his duties ‘with a vengeance’ and diligence. Employee satisfaction is related to the job the employee does. Locke (1976) defines job satisfaction as “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences.” Satisfaction is psychological. It involves the innate wants of an employee and emotional happiness

Satisfied employees are more productive. Discuss this statement critically, drawing on theory and research

2365 words - 10 pages introduced to improve the workplace, to accommodate and integrate technological development for example, and by these employees rejecting or prolonging the integration of these phases, it actually harms individual and collective productivity. A practical example of this is Steve Jobs, he understood how a complacent team was an unproductive team, and so told his team they had two years to leave the company back in 1997 as they were to content; they’d

Critically evaluate Porters Diamond Theory and discuss in what way it helps international trade

2076 words - 9 pages A model that attempts to explain the competitive advantage some nations or groups have due to certain factors available to them. The Porter Diamond is a model that helps analyze and improve a nation's role in a globally competitive field. The model was developed by Michael Porter, who is recognized as an authority on company strategy and competition; it is a more proactive version of economic theories that quantify comparative advantages for

Rostow's theory of the stages of economic development: what it is? how was it developed?

835 words - 3 pages In the eighteenth century the theory of the stages of economic development began to evolve. Adam Smith believed that underdeveloped countries went through four stages in order to achieve a high level of economic growth. These stages were titled hunting, pastoral, agricultural and manufacturing. Karl Marx also believed that there were four stages, he titled them capitalism, socialism, feudalism and communism. It is believed that Rostow's theory

LifeSpan Development -Psychology side. 'Discuss some of the Psychological Changes that Occur During Old Age.'

2242 words - 9 pages Adult Intelligence Scale(WAIS), first designed by Wechsler in 1958. It consists of two separate scales, a verbal scale and a performance scale, and each of these produces a separate IQ(Intelligence Quotient); the scales can be combined to produce a third, total or overall IQ.The problem with these two tests and their findings is that they are based on cross-sectional studies, which involves studying different age groups at the same time. This leads

'Critically assess labour process theory'

3186 words - 13 pages particularly the MSM. It is for this reason that I have decided to critically assess the labour process theory and see how my views will conflict with those who have gone before me.This study of labour process theory will begin with the origins of the theory - Marx, it will go on to discuss the work of the key author in the field Harry Braverman. The discussion of the book 'labor and monopoly capital' written in 1974 by Braverman will be followed by

A Comparison and Discussion of Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development, Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development, and Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

2165 words - 9 pages childhood development. Through this research, I will be able to define the concrete examples of characteristics human development theories' stages in my life, which means that theoretical knowledge will be shaped in my mind through personal experiences.Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development: A Focus on Childhood Experiences and its Implications to Parenting and Early Childhood EducationErikson' Psychosocial Theory of Development is a model which

Discuss the development of – and contrasting – approaches to Psychological Realism in actor training during the twentieth century

1262 words - 6 pages theatrical movement called ‘realism’ took hold. Konstantin Stanislavski was a pioneer of ‘method acting’. It is one of the most well-known acting techniques which include many psychological steps which helps the actor get into character. He was an actor/director between 1869-1906, a director 1906-1927 and a writer from 1927-1938. In order to understand Stanislavski’s ‘system by breaking down each step’ and how it helps an actor to understand and

Similar Essays

How Do Other People Influence Our Behaviour? Discuss With Reference To Social Psychological Theory And Research

1343 words - 6 pages Zimbardos and Haslams studies on prisons are a perfect example of what people are willing to do in order to achieve their goal or to just simply be liked and accepted by other members of the group. Although conforming to group norms can have negative affects just like those of the guards within Zimbardos study it is mainly seen as a good thing as once a collective self-realization is achieved, all members of the group reap the psychological

How Do Other People Influence Our Behaviour? Discuss With Reference To Social Psychological Theory And Research

797 words - 4 pages With regard to the above question, I will be evaluating the concepts of conformity and obedience. In relation to this the work of Zimbardo, Haslam and Milgram will enable me to explain a variety of ways in which those around us may influence the way we behave. Conformity is defined as a change in behaviour and/or attitude as a result of group pressure (Hogg & Vaughan, n.d.). In 1971 Phillip G Zimbardo carried out an experiment with the aim of

Critically Discuss Research Findings On Altered States Of Awareness

1419 words - 6 pages Altered states of awareness refer to any state involving loss of conscious control of behaviour such as drug induced states, sleep states and dream states. As a great deal of research has been carried out into all three altered states it is not possible to do justice to all three areas in a time restricted essay therefore it is the latter two altered states of awareness that will be considered in this essay.Research into sleep (a circadian

Describe And Discuss Psychological Research Relating To Development In Peer Relationships

1607 words - 6 pages actions (Howes, 1996).There has been a vast amount of research when it comes to the development of peer relationships in this essay I will only touch on this vast topic by outlining and evaluating only but a few. A problem when researching is that very young children can not often verbally indicate who their friends are, so researchers must make inferences by observing children's behaviour with peers. Researches have focused particularly on issues