Does Food Causes Cancer Essay

1936 words - 8 pages

Afifah AyubFinal Draft Expository Research PaperProf. Cherry12th November 2014Does Food Cause Cancer?Today we know that too much of a certain type of food can have harmful effects on our health and well being, and we are learning that diseases such as cancer, are caused in part by our dietary choices. In the last 15 years a connection between cancer and diet has been discovered. Cancer is a disease that begins when cells multiply without control and destroy healthy tissue. It is a disease that can endanger life and is the leading cause of death in many countries. Cancer strikes people of all ages, both male and female. It can start anywhere in the body and spread. Cancer kills thousands of people in the United States alone every year. According to the National Cancer Institute, over 30% of these deaths can be attributed to diet; this is the biggest percentage for cause of cancer compared to other factors. One of the main causes of cancer is food and diet. If food is the main cause of cancer, an average person can greatly lower his or her risk of getting cancer simply by changing his or her diet. But with all the healthy lifestyle campaigns and the increase in production of organic food, the world hardly experienced a decrease in percentage of cancer cases. There is disagreement on how food can cause cancer or might have the possibility to prevent cancer. The first issue is the consumption of meat that may lead to higher risk of having cancer. The second issue is the consumption of organic food that has been debated of having the ability to prevent cancer. The last issue is the role of coffee in causing cancer.The first issue is the intake of red and processed meat may increase the risk of cancer. Red meat includes all lambs, steaks and hamburgers. Processed meat includes ham, bacon, salami and sausages. The presence of mutagens in the red meat and processed meat is able to activate the cancer cells in the human body. Mutagens, which are a type of Carcinogen, are mainly found in meat; excessive mutagen may activate the cancer cells in our body. According to Sugimura (1986), "In due course, the presence of a series of highly mutagenic substances in cooked meat and fish was discovered" (p. 18). While raw meat and raw fish scarcely showed any mutagenicity, cooking resulted in the generation of mutagens depending on the degree and duration of heating. Around a quarter of bowel cancer cases that have occurred in men, and around a sixth in women, are linked to eating red or processed meat. Bowel cancer risk increases by more than 28% for every 120g of red meat eaten per day, and by almost a tenth (9%) for every 30g of processed meat eaten per day. Processed meat is more strongly linked to cancer risk than red meat. There is growing evidence that links red meat to pancreatic cancer and stomach cancer. A study found that eating lots of meat, particularly red and processed meat, could also increase the risk of stomach cancer. People eating over 100g of...

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