Does Gender Make A Difference In Education In America In The Same Way As In Other Countries?

1766 words - 7 pages

For many years women in America have experienced many different situations in the education arena. Situations that women experienced were very different than the experiences males experienced in the same classroom and women expectations were also different than that of their male counterparts. Renzetti and Curran wrote in their Fifth Edition of Women, Men and Society that women were expected to not only attend to their studies but also attend to the males’ laundry, cleaning their rooms and meal service. (Page 101.) Women were expected to keep silent and were only allowed to major in degrees like Home Economics and Teaching degrees. Was this treatment of women the same for women in other cultures? This paper will show that women in America fare far better than in other countries in their ventures in education. The countries that will be explored are the United Kingdom, Brazil, Africa, and China.
The United Kingdom did a survey in 2003 where the objective was to identify gender issues in the academic performances of boys and girls during classroom laboratories. This study was done on adolescent children that explored the idea of what would be said about girls and boys who stated that they did or did not like science. The conclusion was predicted with the group of imaginary girls and boys. That is participants were to mark traits of girls and boys in their class that they did not know. Girls who liked science were found less feminine than girls who disliked science (Breakwell, Glynis; Robertson, Toby. 449). Oddly enough girls and boys who scored themselves did not give ratings that girls that liked science were considered less feminine. However, boys rated boys who disliked science more feminine. It appears that boys are pressured as much as girls when it comes to gender. This study concludes that self-rating is just as, if not more, important in the gender discrimination as society’s role in gender discrimination.
In 2003 the same study in Brazil done an experiment with adolescent boys and girls in a physics lab about learning behaviors. According to Teixeria (2002) in Brazil there are definite roles for both males and females. In this country the males are dominant and females are subservient. In schools students are generally separated by gender and the people give the faculty great authority; that is they are seen of great value. However, this study found that girls were better at answering questions, taking notes and generally answered for the boys, whereas, boys were defiant and less like to take notes and stay on task. At times boys have shown authority over a female teacher claiming that the teachers haven’t taught him anything. What is also interesting about this culture is that women usually have more education than men yet their statuses is lower, have less pay in jobs, and is not seen as equal. According to Teixira, Villani and Nascimento in their study boys and girls behavior in the school expresses the socialization...

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