29 April 2014
Does Hunting Help or Hurt the Environment
Those who oppose hunting as it stands today, please step forward. The question whether if hunting is helping or hurting our environment has been an ongoing yet debatable issue for a little while now. A variety of arguments have been made about this issue. It is definitely a big issue because it concerns the well-being of many different people nationwide. Mainly it raises attention to the moral and economic questions, as well as the pros and cons, dealing with the way we utilize our native wildlife.
Humans have been hunting practically since the beginning of time. Take a moment to look back at our country’s founding fathers and Native Americans. People in that era hunted as a means of survival. We all possess the skills of stalking prey. It’s in our blood. Hunting is automatically instilled in us being at the top of the food chain. Although looking back into history, one can also find that some hunting has diminished animal populations practically to the verge of extinction. However these facts have not gone unnoticed. If hunting is well regulated, whether it be for sport or recreational involvement, and there are no major affects to the species, if anything it may help bring back species from the edge of extinction. “Several wildlife managers view recreational hunting as the principal basis for protection of wildlife.”(Lebel)
Thousands of years ago, hunting may have been the cause of the extinction of the North American large land mammals. “Moving up into the 1940’s and 50’s some of today’s most prominent game animals were almost non-existent.”(Kerry G) Over-hunting will directly cause the decline in the particular animal’s species. This will effect everything around it, for example other animals, plants and trees. It directly affects the natural environment meaning that it throws off natural predation and population growth of the wildlife. Hunting can even disrupt the migration and hibernation of the animals. “Therefore when animals go to migrate, they may be killed by hunters and as a result to fear, they may fail to hibernate correctly.”(IDA) Focusing primarily on white-tail deer, quick kills are hard to come by. Bow hunting this certain species exaggerates this problem. “Scientific studies show that bow hunting yields more than a fifty percent wounding and crippling rate.”(IDA) “Because state wildlife agencies are primarily funded by hunting, trapping, and fishing licenses, today’s wildlife management actively promotes the killing of wild animals, and even sells wildlife trophy hunts to those who enjoy killing them.”(IDA)
Wildlife populations over time have intertwined mostly for natural reasons but some unnatural reasons. Humans play a big role in the unnatural reasons. Today’s human habitation and deforestation have put some animals near the brink of extinction or even beyond. As for natural reasons, changes in climate and massive environmental...