It is often stated that the future lies in the hands of our offspring’s. Meaning, that the youth are our future adults. The world revolves on the status of the children and what they will do to contribute to life. Accordingly to The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention 1.8 million juveniles were arrested in 2009 (OJJDP). The Juvenile Justice system holds the keys to unlock many doors of broken children that are on the wrong path in there adolescent life. The difference between children and adults is that children have a greater capacity for change when an adult can be more resistant to it (JLC.org). This is one reason why The Justice System should give additional help to the Juvenile Corrections System.
It is of great importance to make sure juveniles are receiving the proper care for them to change. For example, a greater number of resources for better rehabilitation programs. The ...view middle of the document...
The literature I have reviewed made good points about Juvenile court processing. Some, state that this maybe another reason for the increase of criminal behavior amongst juveniles. This could be a possibility because the juvenile court processing stigmatizing juveniles as if they are criminals. So, if a child is taken through the juvenile court system it gives them the sense of being something they possible may not be. As a result, this gives them the wrong idea about their self-identity and could create a mentality for criminal behavior in the future. I feel this is why it’s important for the Juvenile Correction System to stand firm behind the act of rehabilitation and not incarceration. As of 2009 to current the National Juvenile Justice Network (NJJN) has made advances in the juvenile justice reform all across the country in 24 policy areas,
“Including closing and downsizing facilities, reducing the recidivism rate, stemming the school-to-prison pipeline, and addressing juveniles involved in the adult justice system” (Cohn, A. W. P.2).
The available rehabilitation programs for juveniles are important because there are a great number of children with mental illnesses and substance abuse problems within the justice system. We as people cannot ignore the fact that this population is unaccounted for and treated like the normal population as far as rehabilitation. This population of juveniles needs the proper attention and rehabilitation.
The Juvenile Justice Systems main goal is rehabilitation and differentiating themselves from The Criminal Justice System (3). In the present paper, the role rehabilitation play in The Juvenile Justice System is examined. It is hypothesized that juvenile rehabilitation programs are effective but, are costly and not enough funding to maintain effectiveness of the programs. New programs that are implemented into the juvenile justice system are hard to break through due to the lack of time to see if they are effective. The following literature reviews will support and attempt to validate my hypotheses.