This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Does Major Depressive Disorder In Parents Predict Specific Fears And Phobias In Offspring?

1076 words - 4 pages


I chose to analyze this research article which tries to answer if major depressive disorders in parents lead to specific fears and phobias in offspring, because I like psychology and I wanted an article that was related some way to this interest.
Before this research two studies were conducted that reported an increased risk of phobias in offspring of parents with major depressive disorder (MDD) when compared to children of normal parents. These findings suggested a connection between phobias and depression. But more research was needed because it was unknown the contribution of the existence of varies anxiety disorders in parents to such relationship. Another study (this time adolescents) found the certain fears, no phobias, predicted later risk to develop MDD. The authors stated that little was known about the factors that lead to the development of fears and phobias in children and adolescents and that was unknown if associations between parent MDD and child anxiety show the mixing influence of parent anxiety disorder.
The hypothesis for this study was that fears and phobias were more prevalent in offspring of parents with MDD as well as parents with anxiety disorders, and in parents with both disorders as compared with children of normal (control) parents. The research question was the title of this article: Does major depressive disorder in parents predict specific fears and phobias in offspring?
Participants and Procedure
Participants came from a high-risk study of offspring of parents with anxiety and/or mood disorders and non- ill parents. Ill parents were admitted to mood disorders clinics in the New York area after the study. The children were between 6 and 17 years, in total 318, and they came from four different groups:
a. 75 had one or both parents which had lifetime major depression disorder, and neither had anxiety disorder. Of those 75, 62 had one parent with MDD (most of them were mothers, 51 of the 62) and 13 had both parents with MDD.
b. 75 had parents with anxiety disorder. Of those 75, 67 had one or both parents with lifetime panic disorder, 12 with social phobia, 6 with and/ or obsessive-compulsive disorder, and neither had MDD. Of the 75 children, 72 had one parent with anxiety disorder (most of them mothers, 55) and 3 had both parents with anxiety disorder.
c. 88 had parents with MDD and anxiety disorder: one or both parents had lifetime MDD and one or both parents had lifetime anxiety disorder. Of 88 children, 71 had one parent with MDD+ anxiety disorder (51 were mothers) and 12 had one parent with MDD and the other with lifetime anxiety disorder.
d. Controls (non-ill parents): neither parents had a history of MDD or anxiety disorder.
Sample Characteristics
They were no significant differences among offspring of parents of the four groups in gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, but age differed.
It was mentioned that children of parents that ever had a psychotic disorder were not...

Find Another Essay On Does Major Depressive Disorder in Parents Predict Specific Fears and Phobias in Offspring?

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

954 words - 4 pages Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder in which you feel sad, discouraged, pessimistic, and at the extreme end of it suicidal. It has been called the “common cold” of psychological disorders because it is the number one reason that people seek mental health services. A study done by the CDC estimated that one out of every ten adults has been depressed at one point or another in their life. Depression can be caused by many things such as

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1187 words - 5 pages Major Depressive Disorder or MDD is a very common clinical condition that affects millions of people every year. According to the Agency for Health Care Policy & Research, “ depression is under diagnosed & untreated by most medical doctors, despite the fact that it can almost always be treated successfully. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV); A person who suffers from this disorder

Brain and Mental Illness: Major Depressive Disorder

1781 words - 8 pages with his symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder among other Biological aspects. Definition According to (2014), Major depressive disorder classified as a mood disorder in which people have periods of hopelessness and sadness that last for more than 2 weeks and don't appear to have a specific cause (although this varies). This is more than "having the blues" but is a period of intense psychological pain that includes hopelessness

Symptoms and Treatments of Major Depressive Disorder

2103 words - 9 pages What is major depressive disorder? Major depressive disorder is a psychiatric disorder documented in the DSM. Major depressive disorder interferes with an individual's normal functioning in everyday life and causes pain to the person with this disorder and to those close to the person. Individuals with major depressive disorder cannot just "pull themselves out" of this depression on their own and the symptoms accompanied with this disorder can

A Brief Description of Major Depressive Disorder

1577 words - 7 pages feelings will lift and people will go on with their lives. In contrast, without any medical attention, major depressive disorder persists and does not just go away with time. In most cases, major depressive disorder is a recurrent illness; which means that a person, who has been depressed once in their life and has recovered, is likely to have one or more episodes of depression in the future (Kosslyn, Rosenberg, 2006). Many people who suffer with

The Serious of Major Depressive Disorder

1137 words - 5 pages physical health problems or troubles in other areas of [people’s] life. Feelings of depression can also lead to suicide”. Nobody is willing to support her while she is fighting with depressions, especially when she cannot rely on her father’s directions. Therefore, the lack of support is the ultimate reason that leads Ophelia to go to the final stage of a major depressive disorder. Ophelia does nothing wrong, but since she is too pure, and

Showing Signs of Major Depressive Disorder

1362 words - 5 pages . Mrs. M stated that her mother was often on antidepressants when she was a child. She often heard her parents talking about it. This is a very important piece of information. In families in which one parent has a mood disorder, approximately 30% of the children are at risk of developing a disorder. Mrs. M has been experiencing seven of the nine diagnostic features of a major depressive episode. Her symptoms are not part of a mixed

Toward an Understanding of Major Depressive Disorder

2076 words - 9 pages ) are impacted by MDD making it the leading cause of disability in the US (Johnson and Vanderhoef 109). Unfortunately, 15% of MDD sufferers will commit suicide (Johnson and Vanderhoef 109). Thus, the importance of understanding MDD its role in mental health is crucial. Sex. Women are more likely to suffer from MDD than men. In fact, there is “a twofold greater prevalence of major depressive disorder in women than in men” (Kaplan Sadock 528

Reflection Upon Patients With Major Depressive Disorder

1371 words - 5 pages Depression is a common occurrence in society. That is everyone will experience sadness at some point in time (Barlow and, Durand, 2009). According to Barlow and Durand major depressive disorder is a mental illness that affects individuals suffering with debilitating physical and emotional symptoms that keep them from living a meaningful productive life (Barlow and Durand, 2009). If an individual is living with depression there are many

Interventions and Treatments for Specific Phobias

2309 words - 9 pages external distracting stimuli to help clients work through their fears. Clients learn relaxation techniques and practice different eye movements with the therapist to sensitize themselves to the anxiety-evoking stimuli. Even though it is most commonly used to treat Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), recent studies have shown that EMDR is also effective in treating specific phobias (Jongh et al., 2002). In many cases, clients with specific

Comparing Women's and Men's Fears in Frankenstein and Pet Sematary

1865 words - 7 pages Comparing Women's and Men's Fears in Frankenstein and Pet Sematary      Childbirth and the resulting mother/child relationship are realities for women that leave plenty of room for anxiety. It is no wonder, then, that these themes of birth and motherhood should be featured prominently in women's horror. In contrast, men's horror tends not to focus on these fears, but, instead, focuses on the act of intercourse (the nuts and bolts of

Similar Essays

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1596 words - 7 pages factors also play a big role in major depressive disorder. Parenting skills can affect the child’s mind and enforce the stereotypes for each gender. If a parent does not listen to their child’s opinions and give them a chance to express themselves, the child will be taught to keep everything bottled up. If the child needs someone to talk to about anything, the parents should be sure that their child knows that they are always there to listen and help

Major (Unipolar) Depressive Disorder Essay

1549 words - 6 pages Major depressive disorder, sometimes referred to as Unipolar Depression, describes a leading disruptive mental state which effects about 10-20 percent of the world's population in the course of a lifetime. This disorder must be regarded as a significantly important state, as it strikes its victim psychologically, socially and sometimes even physically, impairing normal daily behaviour.Understanding Major Depressive DisorderHISTORY:Out of the

Major Depressive Disorder Essay

1615 words - 6 pages depressive disorder, the onset of the disorder occurs between the ages of 20 and 50. Although it is definitely true that this disease can strike in younger or older individuals, it is rare to see the onset of this disorder in those age groups, though the rate of affliction is rising in the adolescent population. Major depressive disorder can strike anyone of any gender, race or age, and although the course of the disorder is extremely variable from

Major Depressive Disorder Essay 566 Words

566 words - 2 pages a major role in the first 2 episodes of major depression; after that the disease has its own momentum (genetics and temperament).Research has shown that cancer, stroke, etc. can cause depression by making the patient apathetic to their needs. Genetic, psychological and environmental factors are involved in the onset of depression.The simple diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV 296.3x) for major depressive disorder includes: 1) at least 2 major depressive