This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Does Migration Enhance Or Hinder Africa’s Development? Discuss With Reference To Regional And External Migration.(

1101 words - 5 pages

Migration and development with regards to Africa are two interdependent processes. In the hopes of diversifying their sources of income through development, people become mobile by seeking better living conditions, education and more advanced labor markets. Migration allows goods, services, skills and labor to be spread across Africa this is a positive thing in terms of the continents development as it becomes more productive.

Today climate change and the fearsome competition for land, has made rural life in Africa critically unsustainable and borderline to poverty because of declining productive resources. As more African countries begin to industrialize and it’s agricultural sectors decline, urbanization rates have begun to accelerate. These migrants, who are normally low skilled/unskilled, are moving from the rural areas to urban areas in the hopes of securing a job and experiencing the glamorous big city life. However this reality is flawed, a mass rural urban migration has had a negative impact on development. Rapidly growing populations in urban areas has put pressure onto African authorities that are now struggling to accommodate everyone through social services jobs and education.

About 20 percent of the migrants in Africa are refugees. Briefly exploring some of the consequences and impacts generated by this sort of displacement include psychological and gender issues, inequality, social fractionalization and violence. Refugees’ adopt survival skills that often have negative impacts on both them and their hosts. Sexual exploitation, violation of their human rights, illegal and unsustainable farming are all examples of situations these African migrants might experience including resorting to theft, substance abuse, reliance upon remittances and migration.

“Over the last decade, Sierra Leone and Liberia have experiences a huge amount of displacement of their population. The 11-year civil war in Sierra Leone is estimated to have caused the displacement of between one and three million people. In Liberia the conflict displaced as much as two thirds of the population.”(number 1)

A rural development initiative throughout Africa would be more effective. ‘Villagisation,’ was an economic development policy created by Julius Nyerere who was president of Tanzania from 1964 to 1985. By encouraging families not to urbanize and stay in rural areas, it centered on collective agriculture in the hopes of making Tanzanians self-sufficient. The government supported the programme by funding participants and introducing new farming techniques plus technology to locals but the local communities were left to determine their own rate of progress development wise. Local communities sometimes embrace multicultural societies as an “invasion”. Social fractionalization hinders Africa’s development as some of its people choose not to trade or work together due a number of social reasons that cause disputes. This particular policy obscured cultural, religious and...

Find Another Essay On Does migration enhance or hinder Africa’s development? Discuss with reference to regional and external migration.(

To What Extent Does Migration Create A Balance Between Areas Of Overpopulation And Areas Of Underpopulation

1884 words - 8 pages people leave an area this will then experience underpopulation, so it is clear that because of migration, particularly in LEDC's it is hard to maintenance or stabilise a population in the long term. Both underpopulation and overpopulation can affect a country's development in negative rather than positive ways.Bangladesh has a high population density of 888 per square km due to a high birth rate and declining death rate. This has resulted in 20

Economic Development Because of Rural Areas Migration

1407 words - 6 pages Urban rural migration refers to as the change of people from one geographical area to another, whether permanently or temporarily. The reasons as to why people make migrate usually differ from ones personal level. Migration, therefore, has socio- economic, demographic and educational characteristics that affect a particular individual or family. If development was referred as having access to available resources, we see that whether it is access

Does development occur in stages or is it a continuous process? Critically discuss with research to psychological theory and research findings

2007 words - 9 pages the society. Ego development requires skillful management to result in a sense of satisfaction and ego mastery, whereas poor management of the same results in a sense of inadequacy or dissatisfaction (Dewey, 1909). All of the identified stages are used to form the stage of birth of an individual until eventual demise of an individual. The stage which individual begins the learning process with is the initiative versus the guilt phase, which


2167 words - 9 pages increase their autonomy, and achieve the development by taking advantage from external factors (Berger 1994). The success of four Asian Tiger countries (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan) is the best evidence to show how their development contradicts with the debates and implications made by dependency theorists. In the next part, the case study about Taiwan’s success will further provide evident of the limitation of dependency

With Reference to a company of your choice, discuss how SMEs in South Africa can contribute to economic growth recovery and development.

2206 words - 9 pages especially in developing countries such as South Africa where they generate income which helps with the country’s economy. They are seen as a significant constituent of the solution to South Africa’s development issues which include poverty, income inequality and unemployment. South Africa suffers from high unemployment with an official estimate of approximately 24.5% of the economically active population unemployed. Unemployment is directly

Does online social networking hinder the development of teenagers?

1209 words - 5 pages studied identity formation argues that “this age correlates with the stage of identity versus identity confusion [whereby] teenagers seek to find out who they are, what they are all about, and where they are going in life” (Cowie). This confusion could be detrimental to the development of teenagers as it might lead to identity crises or lack of identity and other types of depression diseases associated with it. Thus, online social networks hinder

How does life in exile influence kinship practices? Discuss with reference to at least two ethnographic case studies

2417 words - 10 pages a central element throughout. Marriage is ‘essentially a rearrangement of social structure’. (Holy: 1996:127) In many societies, the process of marriage comes with rules and procedures. In some societies, the marriage process is not complete without some form of prestation or gift transferred from one side of the family to the other. There are generally two main types of prestation given. ‘Bridewealth is paid for the bride by the groom’ and his

How does Spike Lees "Jungle Fever" adress stereotyping. Discuss with reference to the history of black cinema

1097 words - 4 pages , for example, shows that racism knows no color, as the friends of Flippers wife drew have a talk on that theme or, as the lovers have to face serious problems with a waitress in an "all black" restaurant. Furthermore, we learn how narrow minded each vested interests are and how much prejudice is among races.The little fake "fight" of Flip and Angie is a good example of Lees sentence about racism. Here, two police officers are being mistaken when

In what ways does a film open up a Shakespeare play to a wider variety of meanings, and in what ways is film a limiting factor? Discuss with reference to ROMEO and JULIET

2099 words - 8 pages Romeo's presence in Verona. The reasoning is unclear, however the inclusion of (Captain) Prince at this stage, does serve to create an obstacle to Romeo reaching Juliet's tomb, and in this sense provides a sense of tension that is otherwise missing. The use of this scene serves to highlight once again, the relationship between noise and the outside world. It is contrasted most strongly with the images of Romeo and Juliet during the death scene where

The Development of the Centre for Migration Studies Irish Emigration Database

5441 words - 22 pages The Development of the Centre for Migration Studies Irish Emigration Database In 1988 the Ulster American Folk Park (UAFP) near Omagh in Co Tyrone, Northern Ireland began to set up a computerised Irish Emigration Database (IED) in its library. This was a ground-breaking project at that time and was immediately beset by problems of all kinds, the details of which will be explained later. By 1997 the Folk Park’s library had expanded to become

How does human mobility affect the nature of community, politics and citizenship - Stafford University, Migration and Refugees Studies - Assignment on how human movements affect community

502 words - 3 pages How does human mobility affect the nature of community, politics and citizenship? Human movements have long been recognized as important factors that can affect the hosting community, political nature and citizenship of a country and by extension the health and well-being. Human movement could be in the form migration which is movement of persons from one place to another in search for better life, it could also be for refuge reason which is a

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Migration On Africa’s Development

1948 words - 8 pages . With this constant growth in population movement, does this migration enhance or hinder Africa’s development? Prior to tackling the question above it is important to define what is meant by regional migration and external migration in this context. Regional migration refers to migration from one country to another within the African continent. International migration on the other hand is the movement of people from their countries in Africa, to

Development In External Trade Of And Migration To And From Denmark And Hungary Between 1986 And 2006 Causes And Effects Of The Transition Of Foreign Trade And Migration In Denmark And Hungary

895 words - 4 pages ) 455 2,589 -2,134 Japan 3,1% (on supply) 159 1,701 -1,542 7.2Appendix III. External trade of Denmark and HungaryTable 1.3Global Market Information DatabaseTable 2.3Global Market Information DatabaseAppendix IV. Migration of DenmarkTable 1.4Statistics DenmarkTable 2.4 Danish immigrants by country in percentage 1984 2000 Nordic Countries 16,3 11,6 EU

Why Firms Try To Collude And Discuss The Factors That May Facilitate And Hinder Sustained Collusion With Reference To A Particular Case

2042 words - 8 pages do any of the following:Fixed prices (above competitive levels).Limit production, markets, technical development or investment.Share out markets or sources of supply.Charge discriminatory trading conditions, such as to benefit the colluding parties and disadvantage others.Make other firms that sign contracts with any of the colluding firms accept unfavourable obligation which, by their nature, have no connection with the subject of such

Does Europe's History Of Migration And Colonialism Oblige States To Open Their Borders To Migrants Today?

2526 words - 11 pages present us with a complex ethical dilemma even in the 21st century. An example is humanitarian intervention which, in spite of taking place with the chief aim of protecting human rights, is still subject to debate on an international level. Whilst we cannot belittle the significance of cultural and economic development for colonies, we cannot conclude that these gains have definitely outweighed the losses these countries or communities have suffered