Does Personality Correlate With Subjective Well Being?

1566 words - 7 pages

Most people agree that having an easy-going personality will contribute to the overall well-being of the individual. Certain personality traits have an effect on the individual well-being. Individuals showing improvements in those traits, over time, will often show comparable enhancement to their well-being. Subjective well-being refers to how an individual evaluates the quality of their life. In simple words, subjective well-being is how well an individual thinks and feels of how well their life is going. Subjective well-being includes the broad concepts of positive and negative emotions and moods. The positive experiences lead to high subjective well-being. Negative experiences lead to low subjective well-being. The one thing most people agree on is that personality is a predictor of the individual’s well being.

The big five will be used in this paper as reference to personality traits. The big five consist of five different personality traits that were considered universal because of their stability among many individuals from many different cultures. The big five includes extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness, and openness. Extraversion refers to those individuals who are seen as social and lively. Neuroticism speaks of those who tend to be tense and moody. Conscientiousness alludes to the individuals who are considered to be careful and responsible. Agreeableness is referring to the friendly individuals who are easy to get along with. Finally, openness refers to the people who tend to be intellectually curious and open to try new things and experiences. Although prior study shows that the Big Five traits remain the same overtime, they had shown that they change as the person ages. Two articles in this PsychoMythology are presented. Both articles are interested in finding out whether the personality change has any impact on the individual subjective well-being and life satisfaction.

Boyce, Wood & Powdthavee (2012) conducted a longitudinal analysis study to find out whether personality changes or not and its effects on the predicating changes to life satisfaction. They hypothesized that personality does change and it is an important factor that predicts life satisfaction. However they did point out that the personality was not the only factor that predicts life satisfaction but it is a major factor and possibly for them, it could be considered a quality of life variable. The method that was used in the study was observing multiple individuals across multiple points of time. They mainly looked at between individuals and within individuals and compared their ratios of their tested variables. The results confirm that personality does change between individuals rather than within individuals. This conclusion is interesting because one could wonder how then an individual personality impact their life satisfaction. The uniqueness of this research is that it measured personality as a time varying character, which...

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