Does “The American Scholar” Reflect The Values Of The Declaration Of Independence And The American Constitution? 2

1196 words - 5 pages

Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote American Scholar during the period of transdentalism in 1840-1860 which emerged after romanticism. Transcendentalism dominated the thinking of the American Renaissance, the period before the Civil War where new literary and philosophical forms flourished, and its resonances vibrated through American life well into the 20th century. In one way or another our most creative minds were drawn into its thrall, attracted not only to its practicable messages of confident self-identity, spiritual progress and social justice, but also by its aesthetics, which celebrated, in landscape and mindscape, the immense grandeur of the American soul.As Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, (1948) states that independence is the freedom to organize for own life and making own decision without any help from other. Constitution is the formation of laws that makes human fall under one country with independence. According to Emerson’s (1834) observation, American Scholar was diverged from European roots which means America gained independence. People believed that everything in the world, including human beings is the reflection of divine soul. People used their imagination and believed in self-reliance and the individualism. However, American Scholar reflects value of equity, freedom and moral individual and power or the rights of the people to the extent that America is the independent country or constitution as a new nation under the authority of divine God.
American scholar to some extent reflects the value of equity comparing it to the nature with the declaration of independence. In The American Scholar, Emerson (1834) argued that man should see nature as opposite of the soul and nature is the measure for man to his achievement, knowing themselves and move over and also he stated “to young mind everything is individual, stands by itself.” Emerson therefore seemed to define equality that America should acquire to be independent from Europe. To that Jefferson (cited by Gottesman, and Parker 1979) stated “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their rights that among these are life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness.” However, Jefferson means equal in possessing a moral sense which is not only man’s highest faculty but the one that is equal to all men and it makes people to know about human rights and goal of human virtue. Emerson in The American Scholar (1834) stated “by and by it finds how to join two things and see in them one nature, then three, then three thousand and so…” in this section he defines to say that every man is individual and that man has the right to have equality in society. According to Hole’s (2001) observation, Americans are also distinctive in the degree to which they believe in the ideal, as stated in their Declaration of Independence, that "all men are created equal." Although they sometimes violate the ideal in their daily lives, particularly in matters of interracial relationships, Americans have a...

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