Does The Causal Theory Of Knowledge Solve The Gettier Problem?

686 words - 3 pages

The purpose of this paper is to argue that Alvin Goldman's paper "A Causal Theory of Knowing" does not solve the problem in Edmund Gettier's paper "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" To argue the old view of knowledge, Gettier presents a case in which a Subject (S) is justified in believing that a proposition (P) and P entails another proposition (Q). S deduces Q from P and accepts Q. Then S is justified in believing Q. In the first Case that Gettier presents however, P is falsely justified, but Q is a true justified belief: Smith (S) is justified in believing that Jones is the man who will get the job and Jones has ten coins in his pocket (P). Thus, the man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket (Q). S is justified in believing that P because the president of the company (a reliable source) tells him so. But then, Smith is actually the one who gets the job. Coincidentally; he also has ten coins in his pocket. Therefore, it is true that the man who gets the job DOES have ten coins in his pocket, but it is not Jones. The proposition P in which Smith inferred Q from is falsely justified. As a result, Gettier states that Smith does not actually know that the man who gets the job has ten coins in his pocket. In this counterexample of the traditional view of knowledge that Gettier illustrates, a true justified belief evolved from a false justified belief. What the Gettier problem shows us is that in order for a true belief to qualify as knowledge, it must satisfy two conditions; it must not be a lucky guess (that is, it must be justified), and it must not be a lucky truth. A true belief that isn't a lucky guess, it may still be a lucky truth, and thus fall short of being knowledge. So where must knowledge come from?

Goldman states that S knows p if and only if, p is causally connected in an appropriate way with S's belief...

Find Another Essay On Does the Causal Theory of Knowledge Solve the Gettier Problem?

The Causal Theory of Action: Overpopulation

1625 words - 7 pages Action. Thinkers like Davidson and Clarke do not do enough to solve this problem of mental overpopulation. They attempt to show that the Causal Theory of Action forms the foundation on which we act. The problem of mental overpopulation reveals the cracks in the casual theory’s foundation. Thus, the Causal Theory of Action cannot withstand the problem of mental overpopulation. The Causal Theory of Action is one way that philosophers try to

Violence in Hockey: When does it go to far and how can a sport known for violence solve its problem?

3051 words - 12 pages in hockey. A fan says, to solve this problem "the league really needs to crack done on stick infractions, push to protect players from head injuries by approving better helmets and enforce tougher penalties for the game"(Rutter's Forum). Filing criminal chargers and "have players sit in a penalty box for a few minutes is not an appropriate way to deal with violence in the game"(Elliot 15). Although a huge number of fans supported Todd Bertuzzi, a

Solve the Bullying Problem

901 words - 4 pages arrested for this tragedy. In the United States bullying is becoming a major problem that no one is really trying to fix. Bullying can happen to anyone whether he or she is popular at school or the outcast. Being bullied is not fun and can cause some major issues with the children being bullied. Since smartphones and laptops started coming out, a new type of bullying has started, cyberbullying. All teens are starting to get on social media

The Theory of Knowledge

1781 words - 7 pages obstructed by Gettier problems (situations in which someone has a belief that is concurrently true and evidenced, but yet fails to be knowledge). These are situations in which the above conditions were seemingly met but that many philosophers disagree that anything is known. There are differences in opinion for what is meant by justification, and what amount of justification is sufficient for one to believe that it is true. According to

The Theory of Knowledge

1671 words - 7 pages believe that old knowledge is often replaced by new discoveries. However, it does not always directly replace old knowledge and may use it as a stepping-stone. Argument 1: The use of inductive reasoning in the natural sciences means that, through the scientific method, a general case can be defined from a specific case. This often leads to knowledge being discarded, as the knowledge does not fully describe the general case. One example of this

The Theory of Knowledge

1686 words - 7 pages also change them. However in contrast can it be seen that the study of history is able to discard more or less knowledge? Along these lines how does this knowledge link to the areas of knowledge within the study of history? Scientific claims and theories can be held as knowledge for a long period of time. In order to gain knowledge in the natural sciences that which is claimed to be knowledge must be rigorously challenged and must stand up to

The Theory of Knowledge - 1850 words

1850 words - 7 pages visit a country from your bed, is single-mindedness a problem or a trademark that sets you apart? This question inspired the knowledge issue, Is being conditioned to having only one perspective hindering one's pursuit of knowledge? Through the exploration of the ways of knowing like emotion and reason and areas of knowledge like art, I will critically analyze this question through the perspective of professional, religious, or/and demographic bias

The Theory of Knowledge - 1824 words

1824 words - 7 pages (Contessa 53), we would most likely observe nothing at all. The problem with limited perception can be avoided altogether if we consider knowledge in the natural sciences to be truths for us human beings only. However, if the number of interpretations of the world equated to the number of species with different perception, science cannot be said to be objective. And so science may well be subjective. But if so, why does it try to hide its subjectivity

The Theory of Knowledge - 1376 words

1376 words - 6 pages "That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." As far as we can be concerned we won’t be able to say with assertion how can we account for what seems implausible on all accounts of earlier attempts that has failed to have produced evidences empirically factual to the propositions as assertively true of its existence holds true even today when the questions that can be raised with

Applying Criminological Theory to Solve the Murder of Tigger

1297 words - 6 pages does not. He is often described as a generous animal, which does not tie in with the aggressive, non-empathetic, and anti-social nature of Psychoticism (Woody and Claridge 1977). Hirschi’s Social Bond Theory is a theory that instead of being based on why people in society commit offences, it is based on why people in society do not commit offences (Hirschi, 2002). Hirschi (2002) identifies 4 main social bonds that can be used to determine the

The Problem of Knowledge Due to Language

1540 words - 6 pages The Problem of Knowledge Due to Language Language is defined as a collection of agreed symbols or signs that communicate/transfer ideas, knowledge, emotion, factual, and abstract between beings (senders and receivers). This enables each being to interact with others efficiently. It also enhances knowledge in various ways. Language is a contraction of ideas, which is in the form that can be conveniently exposed to

Similar Essays

Why Causal Connections Do Not Solve The Gettier Problem

1054 words - 5 pages The purpose of this paper is to show that Goldman's causal theory of knowledge does not solve the Gettier problem. First, I will reiterate the Gettier problem. Second, I will show how Goldman's theory attempts to solve the Gettier problem. Next, I will show how over determination points out a major flaw for Goldman's theory. Finally, I will demonstrate that Goldman's theory does not work if the world we live in is not one of absolute truth

Does The Via Negative Solve The Problem Of Religious Language?

715 words - 3 pages 'Does the Via Negativa solve the problem of religious language?' Assess this view.When using human language in a religious context we come across many problems, including that of anthropomorphising God, and using words of our limited experience to attempt to define a Transcendent and ineffable being. Many scholars have assessed whether the Via Negativa has solved this issue, and whether or not it should be an attempt used by Christians, as we

How Does Giddens Solve The Problem Of Agency Versus Structure?

857 words - 3 pages Giddens theorizes that structure and agency are a duality that cannot exist apart from one another. Human practices create both their consciousness and society. Because individuals make up society’s activities and structural conditions, they can choose to change it. Giddens calls this relationship between knowledge and practices the double hermeneutic. The daily routines and practices of individuals interacting with each other is what shape

The Gettier Problem: A Marathon Essay

1238 words - 5 pages also showed that “definition does not state and sufficient condition for someone’s knowing a given proposition,” and, “that appropriate changes will suffice to show that neither definition do so either” (Gettier). Gettier’s creation of the Gettier problem nearly refutes the tradition definition of knowledge. As earlier stated, many attempts have been made to repair or replace the definition of knowledge; hence the theories such as, the Casual Theory