Does The Non State Actor Represent A New Challenge To Nuclear Proliferation?

865 words - 3 pages

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Does the Non-State actor represent a new challenge to nuclear proliferation?Non-state actor is a term widely used to mean any actor that is not a government (Willetts, 2005:426). Important non-state actors in international relations include: Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), Firms and businesses, especially multinational corporations (MNCs), International organized crime and drug groups and International paramilitary and terrorist groups. In this essay, it will discuss whether Non-State actor represents a new challenge to nuclear proliferation by observing with emphasis the relationships between the terrorist groups and Non-State actor. Although nuclear weapons has been strictly controlled by the states, such as Russia and USA, and the nuclear weapons are hard to be built, terrorists group still have capability and possibility to build or steal nuclear weapons. In the following, it will explain these possibilities.The proliferation of nuclear weapons to terrorist groups is perhaps one of the most frightening threats to world security. The attack of September 11, 2001 is a revival for politicians to face the threat of nuclear terrorism. The Nuclear Control Institute, since its commencement in 1981, has been analyzing the risks of nuclear terrorism and seeking to alert policymakers and the public to the danger. There was a solid basis for concern long before the attacks of September 11. In putting the terrorist attacks on 11 September into perspective, Jayantha Dhanapala, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament, has warned, "We need to be aware of the fact that this situation could have been much worse than it has been -- consider for example if weapons of mass destruction were used by these terrorists." (UN TV, September 19, 2001). A nuclear attack by a terrorist group would likely result in an extraordinary number of death. It could significantly foul an inner-city, causing economic and social disruption. This kind of attacks would have significant psychological impacts on the entire population.Since the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States and Russia have removed nearly all their tactical nuclear weapons from overseas deployment. However, there has been continued speculation that some number of Soviet "suitcase bombs" (small portable nuclear weapons) remain unaccounted for, with unconfirmed reports that they have been obtained by Al Qaeda (Wolfsthal &Collina, 2002:142). Also, security weaknesses have been identified at nuclear weapons laboratories and other installations in both Russia and the United States. Further, the security of India and Pakistans nascent nuclear arsenals is uncertain. The acquisition and use of nuclear weapons by a terrorist organization is indeed becoming more likely, by theft or construction of a nuclear explosive device. Terrorists may steal a nuclear bomb, as the...

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