BAM! Dogs, now a man's best friend. The most common pet, thanks to wolves. Now let's go
way back in time before dogs existed. Now, wolves gradually evolved into dogs. A wolf and a dog
are the same species. They also have the same DNA. Hunting dogs are more related to wolves.
Some people long ago tried to breed dogs by changing their features. For example, a doberman
pinscher got most of its tail cut off. Now they have such small tails! A corgi has a natural tail. A great
dane has surgically cut ears so that they are standing up. A scottish terrier looks like it has a beard but
its just that the hair on its neck got shaved off.
After the common breeds got created, the owners gave the dogs jobs according to their qualities.
There are several that I can name. One is a st. Bernard. A st. Bernard job is to seek people who get lost
in snowdrifts. Hunters use beagles to help find animals to hunt. Back in those days, people would use
small dogs for digging small holes instead of using shovels. If you were a fisherman, you would
probably train your dog or dogs to go get your fishing net. Finally my last but not least example is the
eskimo. Eskimos are trained to pull sleds over the snow.
Some dog breeds got their names by where they are most popular. For example the dalmatian.
The name dalmatian came from a place in Croatia called Dalmatia. The weimaraner came from a place
called Weimar. The cairn terriers got their name because they hunted cairns. The jack russell is a little
different. They got their name because a man named Jack Russell bought a white dog and bred the dog
and named the dog breed after him. The basset hound came from the french word “bas” which means
low. The basset hound has ears that hang low. Dachshund means “badger dog”. We call them that
because they used to dig into badger holes. Beagle came from the french word “becquele” which means
“noisy”. We call them that because of their howls.
Mix breeds are very favored. Being a mix breed means that your parents are different breeds. In
that case, some might have mutations. Since mixed breed's parents are different breeds, the child has
new traits and characteristics. Most people who want a dog prefer mixes because they have health
advantages. But they also need lots of treatment. Mixes are less likely to many diseases than pure
breeds. People who find energetic mixes even leave the dog as rescue dogs. Before the 1980s mixes
were thought as strange and incapable of obeying and controlling themselves. They were left out of
obedience competitions. So in that case, mixes usually didn't compete. Mix breeds are hard to classify
since they are made of two breeds. Also, their maturity is less predictable than the pure breeds. But mix
mixed breeds also have a higher intelligence average than pure breeds. Also a higher intelligence
capacity than pure breeds. That's why they can learn tricks so easily. Mixes are also preferred because