Dokur Village Essay

969 words - 4 pages

Livelihood strategies

Most common ways to make a living

In 1975 most households in Dokur village had only one source of income. Nowadays the Scheduled Caste have mostly two different sources of income and the Forward and Backward Caste have two to four different sources of income. In 1975 most jobs were in agriculture, as is seen in table 6, while nowadays farm and non-farm wage labour, caste occupations, migration, running rice and flour mills, plying autos, business and self-employment are sources of income too. Especially non-farm labour, business, salaried jobs, caste occupations and out-migration increased significantly over the last few years. The sources of income are much more diversified because for example the knowledge, education level and skills of the households in Dokur village increased. In farming a shift towards more profitable crops and new technologies led to a better income.

Agriculture
When Comparing 1975-1978 with 2001-2006 and 2007-2008 drastic changes can be seen. In 1975 agriculture was the main source of income with 94.4% gained through agricultural activities. While 77% of the households depended on agriculture or on agriculture related activities. In 2007 only 30.0% of the income was from agriculture while the number of households depending on agriculture or agricultural activities declined to 43%. There are several causes for this decline. The main reason is drought, leading to a lack of water. The large tank in the village, which used to be filled with water for the cultivation of two paddy crops a year, is empty and the area under the tank is not used. Also the groundwater level declined and open dug wells dried up. As a reaction to this, farmers invest in water exploration by digging bore wells, but the success rate is only 25%. If the farmer succeeds, the profit is high, but if the farmer fails, the debts will be too high to pay back. Due to the lack of water, the farmers were unable to grow several crops and the productivity of irrigated and rain fed crops declined. Since the drought years, the net income of the farmers decreased with 50% due to increasing costs of cultivation and the decline of cropped area under paddy and groundnut. Another reason why the fertility decreased is soil erosion, too much use of chemical fertilisers, low or no use of farmyard manure, no crop rotation and crop patterns which were not useful considering the soil.

Water shortage and poor fertility led to a low demand of labour in the village. Households had to look for other livelihood strategies. The richer households were able to invest in education and business, while the poor households had to search for non-farm labour activities. The households with adequate land could invest in modern agricultural production technologies, while the households with (almost) no land had no option, but seasonal migration. The government tried to support the farmers by supplying free electricity for agricultural...

Find Another Essay On dokur village

Livelihoods of Dokur village, Andhra Pradesh

784 words - 4 pages Introduction This report is an analysis of the livelihood of the inhabitants of Dokur, a village in the west of Andhra Pradesh. The main research question is: How sustainable are the livelihoods of people living in Dokur village? This assignment was given by the University of Applied Sciences Van Hall-Larenstein as part of the Rural Livelihoods course. We had to analyse the village of Dokur by using the Sustainable Livelihood Framework. The

dokur village Essay

748 words - 3 pages there is much agriculture in Dokur, water is highly needed.   Pest and diseases As a result of prevalence of pest and diseases the cost of cultivation increased. Therefore the profit also decreased. Because of this, the farmers will not be able to buy enough input, which leads to a decrease of yield in the future. Pests cause much damage to castor, paddy as well as pigeon pea. Farmers use, for example, pesticides to control these and other

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Similar Essays

Dokur Village Essay

687 words - 3 pages communication is better and transport is easier. Traditionally, the crops were sold in the village to commission agents and traders, but nowadays crops are sold on the market and the farmers get a higher price. The farmers in Dokur village feel like they have no problems to sell their produce. However, the farmers are not totally satisfied with the price they get for their crops. Especially for Sorghum where between 2005 - 2008 the cost price rose with

Livelihoods Of Dokur Village, Andhra Pradesh

917 words - 4 pages their loans is becoming a frequently occurring problem. The reason for this is that the unpredictability of the weather reduces yield or destroys complete harvests, in which a farmer often puts their entire loan. Farmers that are unable to pay their debts will have little option but to sell their land to either the bank or richer inhabitants of Dokur.   Physical Capital - Human Capital A major contributor to well-being in Dokur village is the

Livelihoods Of Dokur Village, Andhra Pradesh

754 words - 4 pages Physical capital Electricity and water Dokur counts with electrical power since 1962 providing energy for domestic, irrigation, and to some extent commercial purposes. The village has two overhead water tanks that supply drinking water to the villagers. In this village there are 225 individual households’ taps and 10 public taps connections. Roads and highways Inside the village the roads are mainly made in cement with street lights. However

Livelihoods Of Dokur Village, Andhra Pradesh 1283 Words

1283 words - 6 pages Natural Capital Weather and Climate The village of Dokur is drought prone and represents the semi-arid tropics. The annual maximum temperature in summer, March till June, in the village is around 45°C, while the minimum temperature is 20° C. The winter, October till February, are pleasant in means of temperature, which lie between the 13 and 30°C. July till September is the tropical rain season. The state of Andhra Pradesh receives a high