Domestic Human Sex Trafficking in the United States
Human sex trafficking and its sister category, Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking also referred to as DMST, (Kotrla,K. 2010) is the most common form of modern day slavery. In the United States there are an estimated 293,000 youth who fall under high risk factor or DMST (Walker-Rodriguez, A. & Hill, R. 2011). Many men prey on the at risk youth to make a fortune for themselves. DMST exposes the youth to a life filled with violence, abuse that is both mental and physical as well as a isolation. The Victims of the Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 defines sex trafficking, “in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision or obtaining of a person for labor or services through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjectification to involuntary servitude peonage debt bondage or slavery” (Kotrla, K. 2010).
Description of the Population and Problem
Statistics show that girls between the age of 12-14 years of age (Walker-Rodriguez, A. & Hill, R. 2011) who are runaways children from abusive homes as well as children whom find themselves homeless are at a higher risk for human trafficking. (Kotrla, K. 2010). Many children in foster care and child protective services also are at a higher risk to become victims of DMST (Kotrla, K. 2010). The girls are seen as vulnerable, wanting somebody to reach out to them as a source of trust, while leaving them feeling as if they owe something to the man who took them in. The need for protection, a home, and a want for a safe environment, which these men emptily promise to these young children makes them easy targets. There are approximately 2.8 million girls each year who fall victim to human sex trafficking, DMST (Kotrla, K. 2010).
Often these girls are sued using what we know to be the grooming stage to make young girls feel comfortable to earn their trust. They provide the girls with gifts; act as if they were their boyfriend, they will give them compliments in order to gain control (Kotrla, K. 2010). Others were living in poverty and abducted or forced and manipulated with empty promises of a better life, with agreements in which are deceptive to the young girls (Hodge, D. 2008). Once the girls trust is gained, the girls are then used in order to gain profits and/or narcotics for pimps, they are forced into sexual acts for the exchange of money or drugs (Kotrla, K. 2010). 79% of victims of DMST have reported they were forced into trafficking (Crompton, Hardy, McPhatter. 2013).
However a majority of the girls are abducted or forced while many are attracted in other ways. Fake agencies sometimes posing as massage agencies lure in women into the trafficking industry. These women are offered money, free transportation to these agencies to work, with an agreement that the...