This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Dorothea Orem's Nursing Theory Essay

2040 words - 8 pages

Dorthea Elizabeth Orem’s Nursing Theory as it Applies to Patients With End Stage Renal Disease and Hemodialysis Treatment

According to the Healthy People Database, in 2010 the aging population was estimated at 40 million, this number is expected rise to nearly 70 million by the year 2030 (National Center for Health Statistics, 2000). At the forefront of health concerns for this aging population will be the intervention, management and treatment of chronic diseases. This increase in both this specific population as well as the required medical care will place a significant amount of stress on an already distressed healthcare system, which in turn will affect the availability of recourses and costs. Including patients in their self care with strategic health promotion such as encouragement and education geared towards specific socioeconomic groups will be more cost effective and beneficial in the management of chronic disease. Studies indicate that patients involved in self management of disease processes often have better patient outcomes.
Obesity has become a very critical problem in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2011) in the past two decades there has been an increasingly dramatic increase in obesity seen within the United States. Evidence from research indicate a strong correlation between being over-weight or obese with incidences of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cancers increases (CDC, 2011). A major complication associated with diabetes is the occurrence of nephropathy which can lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD).
Complications related to diabetes and nephropathy are said to account for 50% of new cases of end stage renal disease (ESRD) (U.S. Renal Data System, 2008). With the growing population of those at risk for ESRD the need for medical and nursing intervention will continue to rise.
Orem’s Self-Care Theory
Dorthea Elizabeth Orem modeled her theory on the belief that people have the innate ability, right and responsibility to care for themselves and that nurses should focus on affecting that ability (Orem, 1995). According Orems self-care theory individuals whose needs for self care outweigh their ability to engage in self care are said to be in a self care deficit (Isenberg, 2006). The theory of self-care deficit is the core of Orem's general theory of nursing because it defines when nursing is needed. Nursing is required when an adult is incapable of or limited in the provision of continuous effective self-care. Nursing can be provided if the abilities to perform self-care for a particular demand are not met (Graham, 2006).
According to Orem's theory of self-care, hemodialysis patients must be able to perform self-care tasks in order to provide continuous effective care. Through vigorous research, it is apparent that Orem's theory of self-care seems to be the most applicable theory when utilizing self-care management in hemodialysis...

Find Another Essay On Dorothea Orem's Nursing Theory

Patient Concern: Personal Safety Essay

2111 words - 8 pages efficient and effective system operation; change is of secondary importance. Most nursing theories utilize the four metaparadims: nursing, health, client, and environment. Safety concerns are relevant to nursing theory because safety is a direct result of the environment. Using Jean Watson' caring theory, Dorothea Orem's, Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory and Patricia Benner's Novice to Expert nursing theory, this paper will discuss several approaches

Family Values Essay

1441 words - 6 pages emotional support expressed through touch and heartfelt conversation by family members can make a huge difference in the patient's condition and well being.The three systems that exist within Orem's Self Care Model are compensatory, partially compensatory, and educative development system. Dorothea Orem views nursing in terms of Self-Care. Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing is a conceptual model, which is comprised of three related theories

Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory and its Application in Practice

1080 words - 4 pages One of the theories of nursing is Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, also called the self-care deficit theory. Nursing theories are important for several reasons. The profession is strengthened when knowledge is built on sound theory (Black, 2014). Theory is important for reasoning, thinking, decision-making, and supporting excellence in practice (Black, 2014). Dorothea Orem’s theory is a conceptual model that provides a structure for critical

Gale NUR103 Essay

1475 words - 6 pages character and lacked good hygiene and compassion for their patients (White, 2013, p.5). Since Nightingale’s discovery of the connection between illness and sanitation, nurses and other health professionals have seen the implementation of the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) World Alliance for Patient Safety campaign – SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands and a globally recognised Hand Hygiene Day (Hand Hygiene Australia, 2013). Orem's theory of nursing

Applied NursingTheory: Imogene King and Laurence Kohlberg

1769 words - 8 pages (Seventh Ed. ed.). Maryland Heights: Mosby-Elsevier. Frey, M., Sieloff, C., & Norris, D. (2002). King's Conceptual System and Theory of Goal Attainment: Past, Present, and Future. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15(2), 107-112. Garz, D. (2009). Lawrence Kohlberg: an introduction. Opladen: Barbara Budrich Pub.. Hanucharumkul, S. (1989). Comparative analysis of Orem's and King's theories. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 14, 365-172. King, I. M. (1971

Tradtion to Evidence Based Practice This essay illistrates historical developments in nursing research

1341 words - 5 pages is not separate from nursing practice, it is a process that is interconnected with, is influenced by and influences other nursing components. These are philosophy, knowledge, science, theory, research, abstract thought processes, and nursing practice. (Burns et al, 2003).Theory DevelopmentNursing Theory links nursing knowledge to research and nursing practice. Dennis (1997) defines nursing theory as "a set of concepts and propositions derived

Nursing assignment part one - Tafe - Assignment

2762 words - 12 pages concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing. The key message of this philosophy is that all patients want to care for themselves and are able to recover quicker when they perform their own self-care as much as they're able. This theory is particularly used in rehabilitation and primary care in which patients are encouraged to be independent. Dorothea Orem’s self care requisites fall into three categories. Firstly is universal self-care

Blastomycosis

1154 words - 5 pages medical ethics". The ethics of public health involve a balance between protecting the welfare of an individual, as does medicine, and the public health goal of protecting the public welfare.Attention to ethical issues can help the planning, implementation, and growth of a variety of public health programs and research activities.Nursing InterventionsDorothea Orem's theory can be used in community health education through the supportive educative

Assisting Demented Patients with Feeding: Problems in a Ward Environment. A Review of the Literature

4709 words - 19 pages ) Nursing Research for Nursing Practice. W.B. Saunders, London.Holmes S. (1989) Nutrition and the elderly. Nursing 3(37), 18-21.Lewin K. (1951) Field Theory in Social Science: Selected Theoretical Papers. Harper Row, New York.Littlewood S. & Saedi S. (1994) Therapeutic mealtimes. Elderly Care 6(6), 20-21.Littlewood S., Saedi S. & Williams C. (1997) Mealtimes: a missed opportunity. Journal of Dementia Care 5(4), 18-19.Mairis E. (1992) An

Maximising Health in day case cataract patients

4358 words - 17 pages structural teaching strategies, maintaining they yield better outcomes for patients with a variety of needs. "Herring (1999)" maintains they provide a uniform sequence of care for specific groups, including multidisciplinary interventions and actions. Our care pathway is based on Orem's self care model of nursing. Orem maintains that a person is a functional integrated whole with a motivation to achieve self- care "Aggleton and Chalmers (1986)". Any

Family Assessment and Nursing Process

5109 words - 20 pages theory recognizes the interaction between family members within their internal and external environment (Friedman et al., 2003). Once a comprehensive family assessment is complete and health issues are identified, the nursing process is implemented in order to render care that is imperative for assisting each family member to achieve an optimum level of wellness (Gilliss & Davis, 1993).In compliance with HIPPA regulations of strict confidentiality

Similar Essays

Dorothea Orem's Self Care Nursing Theory Analysis

1813 words - 7 pages Dorothea Orem's Self Care Nursing Theory Analysis The grand theory to be analyzed in this paper is Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT). The method used to analyze Dorothea Orem’s theory is Walker and Avant Theory Analysis (WAT). Theory analysis is a process of evaluating a nursing theory. The WAT is comprised of seven steps. The steps are defining the origins, meaning, logic, usefulness, details, structure and testability of the

Dorothea Orem's Self Care Deficit Theory Essay

1050 words - 4 pages Nursing theory is best described as a conceptualization of some aspect of nursing communicated for the purpose of describing, explaining, predicting, and/or prescribing nursing care (Potter & Perry, 2009). One of the most world renown-nursing theorists, Dorothea Orem, believed in the self-care theory, which directs it’s attention on the aspect the self-care needs of the client (2009). As a registered nurse, along with many other

Professional Nursing Practices Essay

2215 words - 9 pages : American Nurses Association: Code of Ethics. (n.d.). Code of Ethics. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://www.nursingworld.org/Mobile/Code-of-Ethics Application of Orem's self-care deficit theory in nursing practice. (2013, September 9). Application of Orem's self-care deficit theory in nursing practice. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory.html Board of Registered Nursing - What is the Board of Registered Nursing

Analysis Of Pain Using Conceptual Models By Keena Rossyion

3096 words - 12 pages for practice (Torakis & Smigielski, 2002). Models define nursing and provide a consistent and efficient way to communication within the profession. Orem's Self-Care Framework, Neuman's System Model, and Roy's Adaptation Model are examples of conceptual models that can be used to explore possible approaches to solving health care problems and clinical concerns. These models can be implemented in practice to ensure the provision of optimal pain