Douglas McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y
Biography of Douglas McGregor
Douglas McGregor was born on 1906 in Detroit, America. In 1895, it was
here that his grandfather, Thomas McGregor started his business and
given its name as, McGregor Institute. The business provides
assistance to Great Lakes sailors and other transient labour. The
Institute provided shelter, warmth and food to approximately 100 men
every year. When Thomas McGregor passed away, his son Murray McGregor
(Douglas’s father) continued to manage the business. During high
school, Douglas McGregor worked as a night clerk and played the piano
and organ at the chapel services. At work, he became familiar with the
employees and their problems. In 1936, McGregor Institute came to an
end and it was sold for $100,000 to the Goodwill Industries.
After high school, McGregor went to Oberlin College and then attended
to Wayne University, where he had graduated in 1932. While at college,
he was married and left his college work for about five years to save
enough money to start a family. McGregor began as a gasoline station
attendant in Buffalo and quickly progressed to district manager of
stations in the Detroit region.
In 1935, he received a PhD degree from Harvard University in
Experimental Psychology. McGregor was a brilliant student at Harvard
that; he achieved an A grade in every course.
After his graduation from Harvard University, he became a Professor of
Psychology and taught there for almost two years. McGregor left his
job to work at Antioch, as a Professor of Psychology and Executive
Director of the Industrial Relations Section of M.I.T.
At M.I.T., McGregor spent two thirds of his time at teaching and as an
Executive Director of the Industrial Relations Section. He spent one
third of his time as a consultant. Between 1943 and 1945, he had left
M.I.T to work at Dewey Almy Company, which manufactures rubber goods.
He was a Director of Industrial Relations in that institution. Since
1940, he has been a consultant in human relations for that industry.
The general manager of Dewey Almy Company stated that McGregor liked
to explore and experiment in human relations with the company. The
company offered McGregor a free-hand in determining its industrial
relations policy because; many of his experiments became very
successful. The business and the workmen have full confidence in him.
For many years, McGregor worked as a consultant for several industries
and labour undone in the East and Middle West. He has taken care of
the wage and salary administration, contract negotiation, foreman
training, grievance handling, executive development programs, union
and management co-operation programs and...