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Downfall Of Macbeth In William Shakespeare's Macbeth

1683 words - 7 pages

Downfall of Macbeth in William Shakespeare's Macbeth

This play is a tragedy. In this essay I will discuss what effect the
witches, lady Macbeth and Macbeth have on the rise and fall of
Macbeth.

Macbeth at the beginning of the play is successful warrior in the
Scottish army. The king of Scotland, Duncan, hears of Macbeth's
bravery and he calls him a 'Valiant cousin! Worthy gentleman!' (Act 1
scene 2, line 24). This shows that the king of Scotland regards
Macbeth very highly and has a great deal of trust and respect for
Macbeth. This gives the audience a very good impression of Macbeth
although they have yet to have seen him.

In act 1 scene 3, the three witches tell Macbeth that he will become
thane of Cawdor and eventually be crowned king. Later, in the scene
Rosse tell Macbeth that he is now thane of Cawdor. Macbeth is confused
and he asks, 'The thane of Cawdor lives; why do you dress me in
borrowed robes?' (Line 108). This is very ironic and I feel that it is
the first sign of Macbeth's downfall. The original Thane of Cawdor was
a traitor to Scotland and he was killed, Macbeth later went on to
become a traitor aswell. Also in this scene it is when we see
Macbeth's first spark of ambition. 'Glamis, and Thane of Cawdor; the
greatest is behind.' (Line 117) He is saying that what the witches
have said has come true and now the greatest is yet to come i.e. being
crowned king. This is when he begins to think about his future. After
King Duncan, names his eldest son, Malcolm, the successor to the
thrown, Macbeth stands aside and says, 'This is a step On which I must
fall down, or else o'erleap.' (Scene 4- Line 49) Macbeth is saying
that he has make sacrifices in order to get crown. All of this
ambition is all of his own accord; no one else has had influence on
Macbeth yet.

Act 1 Scene 5, we move onto the letter that Macbeth has written to
Lady Macbeth. This is when Lady Macbeth comes into play with the
situation. On lines 15-16 she says 'Yet do I fear thy nature; It is
too full o' the milk of human kindness' She is worried that he is too
weak willed to go ahead and kill Duncan. And line 25- 'That I may pour
my spirits in thine ear'. She has put it upon herself to persuade
Macbeth into doing terrible deed. She wants to be the voice that
argues away all of Macbeth's conscience. When a messenger tells Lady
Macbeth that King Duncan intends on staying at their castle she gets
excited and sees this as an opportunity to kill Duncan. She calls up
the spirits of darkness and asks them to 'unsex' her to take away all
that makes her a woman. She asks to be made insensitive so that she
may carry out her scheme, she wishes to be filled with 'direst
cruelty'. 'Take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers' (line 46)
This shows that her character is strong, she is sure

that she can...

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