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Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar And His Quest For Social Justice In India

1972 words - 8 pages

One of the major problems in India has been the great differences between castes. These differences occurred mainly for religious reasons, but when does it stop being religion and where does it start being an unjust difference which leads to social discrimination and inequality. Dr. Ambedkar was a strong believer in social justice and how certain religious beliefs where interfering with the quest for social justice. Dr. Ambedkar itself was born a Dalit –untouchable- Hindu, but he did not felt comfortable with his situation, he believed there was more for Dalits, and a person who was born one did not necessarily needed to be one for the rest of his life. He believed Hinduism to be a very discriminative religion that is why he begins a revolution to convert Hindu Dalits into Buddhism, which for him was an alternative religion which did not discriminate people according to the caste they were born in. Dr. Ambedkar movement emerged as rejection of the caste discrimination presented in Hinduism, a discrimination that is not represented in Buddhism; the only way for Dalits to escape from this unjust social situation was to become Buddhist.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14th April, 1891 in Mahu Cantt in Madhya Pradesh. He studied and graduated in Political Science and Economics from Bombay University. Later he had the opportunity to go to USA for further studies at Columbia University for which he was awarded a scholarship by the Maharaja of Baroda. Bhimrao remained abroad a total of eight years, during this period of time he had the opportunity to observed and be influenced by western society, he had a different perspective of religion, economy, politics and for the matter of this paper he had a new perspective regarding social justice. Dr. Ambedkar became well known in India as an intellectual, and also as a role model, because he came from the lowest caste in the Hindu tradition, he was a Dalit, who, in some way, proved wrong by becoming an intellectual. He was able to demonstrate to his people that even if you are born a Dalit it does not mean that is your destiny you have the power to change it. When he returned to India he had enough knowledge to fight for his and the Dalits rights specifically against the practice of untouchability. He wanted India to be a place for all, no discrimination, and no violations to the rights of the poor and the oppressed. In 1923, he set up the 'Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha’ (Outcastes Welfare Association), which was devoted to spreading education and culture amongst the downtrodden, improving the economic status CITA. They could not draw water from public wells and ponds. Their admission in schools was prohibited. In 1927, he led the Mahad March at the Chowdar Tank at Colaba, near Bombay, to give the untouchables the right to draw water from the public tank. This became known as the moment where the ‘revolution’ begins.
In September 1932, Dr. Ambedkar and Gandhiji reached an understanding, which became the...

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