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Dr. Kenneth Bancroft Clark Essay

1361 words - 6 pages

Dr. Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 14, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone to Arthur Bancroft Clark and Miriam Hansen Clark. Arthur Clark was an employee of the United Fruit Company. When Kenneth Clark was just four years of age his parents divorced and his mother moved him and his younger sister to Harlem, New York. Though Miriam Clark worked as a seamstress to provide an income for her family, being a single parent, living in poverty, was not easy, but she provided to care, encouragement and support that her children needed. (obituary)
Kenneth Clark attended mostly black public schools of New York City. During this time period, which was in the early to late 1920s, many ...view middle of the document...

Myrdal’s An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (1944), which investigated racial inequalities and the contradicting principles of equality that America exhibited towards African- Americans on the home front during World War I and II (klein and obit.). In 1942, Dr. Clark became a faculty member of City College in New York, where he served as a professor for thirty-three years (klein).
In 1946, Dr. Kenneth and Mamie Clark founded the Northside Center for Child Development “to assist emotionally disturbed Harlem children” (Klein, 204). The center was used for psychological assessment of behavior and guidance counseling for child-care (obituary). Dr. Clark founded the Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited in 1964, which was dedicated in helping create better lives and paths for the children raised in the ghetto of Harlem (Klein). Kenneth Clark became a consultant for numerous programs involved in “race relations and affirmative action” through the East Coast, which included Princeton University, Affirmative Action Committee, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, etc. (Klein). Dr. Clark’s wife Mamie died in 1987 and before his death in 2005 Dr. Clark resided in Hudson, New York. Dr. Kenneth B. Clark is survived by his daughter, son and three grand-children (obit).
Dr. Clark was raised and developed a career in a time when there was severe racial attention and segregation was a natural part of American culture. The factor of racial disparity heavily influenced African-American culture in the 20th century and this is what greatly had an effect on Dr. Kenneth B. Clark’s ideas and contributions to American psychology. All of Kenneth Clark’s work is based upon the development of equal opportunity for black children and children of color within social problems in America. Dr. Clark firmly believed in desegregation and this idea led to his contribution in the famous doll studies and his participation in the Brown vs. the Board of Education court case. Clark (1955, desegregation) believed that though the “mores” of social equality and acceptance of African-American has left the times of physical slavery and oppression, there was still an unwarming feeling of false equality in America between blacks and whites. Kenneth Clark (1955, deseg) felt that although, the process of desegregation would be grueling due to the though that the majority of white- Americans would be opposed to the idea. In his contribution to desegregation (1955), Dr. Clark felt that the focus of desegregation should be on junior and senior high school students. Clark believed these ages of development, youth are heavily influenced and potential violent because of the influence they are gaining from others. Though more progress had been made on the east coast and west coast in the social problems of equality, southern America was still severely suffering from racial tension and inequality. Much of Dr. Kenneth Clark’s research and...

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