Dramatic Change Needed To The One Child Policy

2489 words - 10 pages

Dramatic Change needed to the One-Child PolicyResearch PaperTaoran WangAuthor NoteThis paper was prepared for WRIT 1301, section 021, taught by Professor HansenDramatic Change needed to the One-Child PolicyChina plays a more and more important role in the world these years, especially since it became the second biggest economy body in the world four years ago. However if we calculate the Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Per Capita, we can find that China ranks only 93rd in the world (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Clearly the over-population is extremely serious problem in China.China has the largest population in the world with only third largest national area and it is the first country whose population reached 1 billion. Hence it is very hard for Chinese government to develop its economy, politics and culture with finite resource and many people. However Chinese Communist Party has overcome much difficulty and led Chinese people to make a difference in the past 50 years. To a large extent the accomplishment is based on a fundamental policy-One-Child policy (OCP). This mandatory policy, established in 1980, dictates that parents who have the city citizenship can only give birth to one child and it was. It has turned out that this policy controlled the increasing population effectively.This policy has been carried on for more than 30 years. But defects of the OCP have surfaced gradually as the time passed. This policy is a two-edged sword for China and it should change now as circumstances have changed. The national situation and international environment have changed considerably, and it turns out that the OCP has created interconnected problems in the aging population, in society development and in government credibility. In order to increase China's influence and power in the world, the issue must be reconsidered. According to different articles about one-child policy, there are many strong reasons to argue for modification of the One-Child Policy.The aging population is the most common defect when people refer to OCP. According to United Nations population division, the population of those whose age is over 60 has increased over 150% compared to the beginning of the OCP while the total population remains the same and the labor ratio decreased (as cited in Page, 2011, p.A.1.). However there are still some who think that the OCP is not responsible for the aging population, but rather they think that the clinical development makes people live longer (World Bank compilation of United Nations data, as cited in Leonhardt, 2010, para 3). There is no doubt that the modern clinical system has cured much disease that was uncured before and has extended lifespan. But they omit a fact that aging population is consisted of two parts. One is the ratio of the old; the other is the ratio of the young. The clinical development can only explain why the ratio of the old increase, but...

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