What actually are dreams? Dreaming is a different state of consciousness. Brains
are in constant activity and constantly giving odd brain waves. Dreams are a
communication of mind, body, and spirit. During dreams the mind reviews long and short
term memory. Dreams are mysteries of the mind and adventures of the sleeping brain.
While sleeping, there are two different classifications. These two classifications are
paradoxical sleep, also known as rapid eye movement (REM) and orthodox sleep also
known as non-REM sleep (Craig 1). During REM is the time the brain dreams. REM
occurs every sixty to ninety minutes. Dreams last from five to thirty minutes. Dreams are
important to our sleeping brain (Koch-Sheras 6).
During sleep the body is functioning at a very low level. The brain is constantly
giving off electric brain waves. During non-REM the brain waves are slow and large while
the body is calm. During REM brain waves speed up and become smaller, the body's heart
rate also speeds up. REM occupies about twenty percent of the night. While the brain is
dreaming, it is in the stage of REM. While the brain dreams it may have imaginary, but
real experiences. During dreams some sleepers may take part in the story or just watch the
There are many different types of dreams. These dreams include lucid dreaming,
nightmares, and fantasies. In lucid dreaming the sleeper is conscious he/she is dreaming
and of what is going on. In some cases the dreamer may be allowed to control their dream
(Loyd 84). This is an exciting experience.
Besides lucid dreams, there are nightmares. These are frightening dreams that may
wake the sleeper up feeling axioms or fearful. Nightmares are usually causes of real life
anxieties or fears. Nightmares mostly occur in children because of their growing minds and
wonders. Along with nightmares, there are also night terrors. These are more terrifying
than nightmares and occur in children from ages three to five years old. Night terrors are
more common in men than in women. Night terrors usually are the cause of sleeping
disorders, such as sleepwalking and sleep talking.
Other than nightmares there are fantasies. Daydreams are considered fantasies,
which means anything your mind conjures while awake. Daydreams are usually enjoyable,
but in other cases they are frightening. All daydreams tend to involve some emotion, they
also may replay events that have happened during the dreamer present day life. During a
daydream the dreamers mind begins to wander and he/she loses their self in an imagined
scenario. If this scenario becomes fearful it is known as a day mare. Day mares, may
prevent the dreamer from having nightmares in the future.
Additionally everyone dreams. This includes babies, animals, people of all ages,...