Dreams Essay

8098 words - 32 pages

Dreams


When we sleep we do much more than just "rest our
weary bones"; we tap into our subconscious mind (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979).
The subconscious has much to offer about oneself. The average human being
spends one third of their life in sleep and during each sleep approximently two
hours is spent dreaming (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). These dreams are
important because they are the voice of our subconscious. Dreams and theories
on dreams go as far back as 2000 BC in Egypt. One of the first organized glimpses
into the diagnostics of a dream came in an Egyptian book called the Chester
Beatty Papyrus, its author is unknown. In ancient Greece dreams were believed to
be messages from the gods. In later centuries, Hippocrates (a Greek physician),
Aristotle (a Greek philosopher), and Galen (a Greek philosopher) believed that
dreams often contained physiological information that may be cause of future
illnesses. Artemeidorus documented and interpreted thousands of dream reports
in his book Oreiocritica (meaning "critical dreams" in Greek). His ideas were later
abandoned, and no further progress was made in the study of dreams until the late
1800s. That was until Sigmund Freud wrote his book The Interpretations of
Dreams in 1900. After its publishing, dreams became a popular topic once again.
The modern day idea that dreams come from our daily life is partially accurate.
When I say "partially" I mean only a specific aspect of dreams comes from daily
life interactions. The imagery in dreams comes from daily life (Freud 1900). You
must understand that the subconscious can only talk in a language that the
conscious can understand, therefore it uses imagery. So to put it in lay terms
"You'll never see an object in dream that you haven't seen in your daily life"
(Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). This statement raises an interesting question.
"What do blind people who never see anything dream about?" The answer to this
question is even more puzzling. The subconscious speaks to blind people using all
other sensory modalities such as hearing, taste, touch, and smell. Instead of
seeing things blind people will hear or smell things in their dreams. Helen Keller
talked of "seeing" in her dreams much as she saw when she was awake (let it be
stated that Helen Keller was blind). The subconscious is usually...

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