Dred Scott Case Essay

1465 words - 6 pages

The Dred Scott Case
"Dred Scott, an African American man, was born in Virginia of Negro Slaves around 1800."Scott was sold to Peter Blow a Virginia farmer. Blow, together with his wife Elizabeth, his family and slaves, moved to a cotton plantation near Alabama. They eventually settled in St. Lois. In 1831, Elizabeth blow died. Her husband died a year later. Blow's fortune was inherited by his 11 children. Scott referred to the blow children as "them boys" with whom he had been "raised". "From this, it seems likely that Scott had not only been a slave, but also a good friend if the Blow family, especially the third son, Taylor, who would remain a lifelong supporter of Scott."(11) In 1833 Scott was sold to Dr. John Emerson, a St. Lois physician. Dr. Emerson had moved to St. Lois years earlier. He became friends with influential men such as Dr. William Carr Lane, the first Mayer of St. Lois, and Missouri congressmen. He seemed to be better at making powerful friends than doing his job practicing medicines. In 1833, Emerson became the assistant surgeon in the U.S. Army, a position he only acquired due to his prominent connections. A month later, Emerson received new order and transferred to Fort Armstrong, Illinois, taking Scott along with him. Illinois was one of the states in which slavery was verboten since 1787, when the Congress of Confederation passed the North West Ordinance. Although for some reason the idea never occurred to him, Scott could’ve sued for his freedom. Since Fort Armstrong was in poor condition and mainly because of the worsening situation with the Indians, the fort was closed. Emerson had been ordered instead, to Fort Snelling situated in the recently created Wisconsin Territory. The fort was located in a portion of the Louisiana Territory where slavery had been banned by the Missouri Compromise of 1821. Scott could’ve sued for his freedom once again but he didn’t, and remained in the service of Emerson. Shortly after arriving at Fort Snelling, Scott met Major Taliaferro, who had a slave named Harriet Robinson. Scott married Harriet who was then given or sold to Emerson. The two slaves worked for Emerson or whoever he hired them out to. Emerson begged to be transferred to St. Lois and was elated when he was sent there. He was forced to leave his most of his possessions and slaves behind to send for later. When he arrived in St. Lois his assignment was changed and he was ordered to Fort Jesup in Louisiana. There, Emerson married Eliza Irene Sanford. Soon after the ceremony Emerson sent for the Scotts. Emerson was transferred Back to Fort Snelling. The Emerson and their slaves went on a streamliner for the trip north. On the way Scott’s daughter was born in free territory north of the Missouri state line. They remained in Fort Snelling for two years until Emerson was transferred to Florida. On the way, he dropped off his wife and slaves in St. Lois. Emerson served as a medical officer for two years while pleading to be...

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