Dred Scott Decision Report

1496 words - 6 pages

The Dred Scott Decision was a very remarkable and historic case in the United States. The trial involved slave Dred Scott and his wife Harriet which were both slaves, suit against their widowed owner Mrs. Emerson. The trail first took place in a St. Louis Circuit court which eventually ended up the in the U.S Supreme Court eleven years later. The U.S Supreme Court issued that the decision that Scott and his wife were still to be slave. This decision contributed to the already heated stress between the northern and the southern states of the union may have been the key catalyst to spark the American Civil War.Dred Scott was born in Virginia in or around 1799 as a slave to the Peter Blow family. Scott’s life was full of travel which led him through Alabama, Illinois, Wisconsin and Missouri. In 1830 just after arriving in St. Louis his slave owner Peter Blow died and the remaining Blow family sold Scott to an U.S army surgeon by the name of Dr. John Emerson. Over the next twelve years Scott accompanied Emerson everywhere mostly the many military posts. Some in Illinois and then two years in the Wisconsin territory were Emerson was repositioned. Slavery wasn’t allowed in either Illinois or the Wisconsin territory due to Illinois being a free state and the Missouri Compromise which was a free territory. During Emerson’s time in Wisconsin Scott married slave Harriet Robinson, whose ownership was there by transferred to Emerson. “Dred and Harriet would proceed to have two children in the next few years. Shortly after the ownership change Emerson was sent on a military tour in Louisiana where he married Eliza Irene Sanford in 1939.” 4 Since Mrs. Eliza family resided in St. Louis Emerson decided to move back to St. Louis and start a family. After a few short years of peace and happiness Emerson was called to duty again this time for the Seminole War in Florida where he was separated from the family. With the war winding down Emerson was sent home but unfortunately dies shortly after his return to his family The Scott family continued to work for Mrs. Emerson doing common work but Mrs. Emerson also hired out the Scott’s to other St. Louis families which led to the suit“In the spring of 1846 Dred and Harriet filed separate suits for freedom against Irene Emerson in the circuit court of St. Louis. Although to avoid costly court costs the two cases were combined under Dred Scott’s name and pursed with an agreement that its resolution would apply for Harriet also.” 1 . It was said that the Scott offered to buy their freedom from Mrs. Emerson for three hundred dollars which they had acclimated themselves and from the Blow family though there is no concrete evidence of the actually event. The Scott’s were supported by white antislavery lawyers who opposed slavery and sought freedom for the Scott family. The circuit court ruled in favor of Mrs. Emerson however dismissing the Scott trial but allowed the...

Find Another Essay On Dred Scott Decision report

How the Civil War affected the relations between the North and South/Contibutions to "Civil War"...

562 words - 2 pages North and South and also was one of the many leading factors that contributed to the War for Southern Independence.Understandable Northern fears that the slave power had already controlled the government, and Southern fears of losing control of the Federal government to antislavery forces are the differences that brought the sectional crisis to a beginning in the late 1850s. Many northerners felt that parts of the "Dred Scott" decision

Dred Scott Case Justice vs Jurisdiction

2013 words - 8 pages later, had an integral impact on the decision. Read on to see more about one of the most vile and dismal days of all time. That day proved costly not only for Dred Scott, but the entire black population of the United States. The Supreme Court ruled on this March 6, 1857 that slavery was legal in all territories. This ruling was only two (2) days after the presidential election of James Buchanan. Although every justice wrote an opinion

Dred Scott

790 words - 3 pages In this position paper I will explain the trials that Dred Scott had to go through in his life in his attempts for justice to be served. Dred Scott was born in 1799, and was an illiterate slave. His parents were slaves and so he was born the property of the Peter Blow family. In 1804 The United States took possesion of Missouri and after many debates on whether or not it would be a slavery state, a resolution known as the Missouri

Dred Scott Case

939 words - 4 pages the Dred Scott case the country had already been struggling for 3 years to identify with the implications of popular sovereignty in the West and if the West would be settled as slave-owning or free. Because the case's decision was so decisive and outwardly bias towards the south, it would cause even more tension then ever before between the two parts of the country and brought war cries to a dim roar.Dred Scott was a slave owned by Dr. John Emerson

The Controversial Decisions of the US Government in History

4943 words - 20 pages upholding the Missouri Supreme Court's ruling in favor of Sanford. Some believe that “Taney was privately opposed to slavery; that the two dissenting justices forced the court majority to render a broad decision; that Taney’s Dred Scott opinion was an “aberration” from his habitual devotion to judicial self-restraint; and that the worst consequences of Dred Scott were produced, not so much by the substance of the decision

Dred Scott Research Paper

2954 words - 12 pages case that would be heard sometime in early 1857. Some historians believe that the Supreme Court delayed the hearing of the case because a decision would have come just before the presidential election of 1856. Anyhow, the nation was all ears as the Dred Scott case had become heaped upon the issue of slavery. For, Scott’s eleven year pursuit for freedom had no longer been an issue of slave owner versus enslaved. The Court could have easily

The events that caused the civil war.

1008 words - 4 pages balance of power between the Northern (free) and Southern (slave) states, these events were marked with extreme divisiveness and eventually violence. Many events lead to the American Civil War, but the more direct and influential ones being the Missouri Compromise, Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Dred Scott Decision. All three of these events respectively fueled the conflict. The Missouri compromise was the first issue to pose a conflict with the

dred scott case

1465 words - 6 pages he hired the Scotts from Mrs. Emerson but he paid her father, Alexander Sanford. In further verification Henry T. Blow testified that his father, Peter Blow had originally sold Dred Scott to Dr. John Emerson, not Mrs. Emerson. The case was decided against Scott after one day of testimony. “The decision produced the absurd effect of allowing Mrs. Emerson to keep her slaves simply because no one had proved that they were her slaves”.(67)Scott’s

Civil War Essay: The Major Contributing Factors to the Civil War

905 words - 4 pages If asked, most people would blame as the cause of the civil war the issue of slavery. This is understandable; many people in the U.S. at the time were against slavery, going to far as to help runaway slaves escape to the free north. But, while slavery at face value was a major factor, international politics and economics played a major role. Several factors, including the election of Lincoln, the raid on Harper's Ferry, the Dred Scott decision

Lincoln-Douglas Debate at Freeport, Illinois

824 words - 3 pages the Supreme Court judges concluded that Black slaves had no rights and Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional and Slaves kept their status wherever they go. Lincoln wanted to show antislavery voters that Douglas's position differed from their own and pushed Douglas in to the corner.It was Douglas who had to answer this inescapable question. The Dred Scott decision that disallowed Congressional power to exclude slavery from a territory could only

Chief Justice Taney and Slavery

1922 words - 8 pages The Art of Avoidance; Chief Justice Taney and the Question of Slavery “Their present decision is equivalent to a repeal of law and the making of law. This is not adjudication, it is mere usurpation. It is the substitution of mere arbitrary will in the place of the solemn and responsible functions of an impartial judicature.”[1] The 1857 Dred Scott decision proved that Chief Justice Roger Taney’s sadistic racism

Similar Essays

How The Dred Scott Decision Was One Of The Direct Causes Of The Civil War.

1189 words - 5 pages When it comes to determining at what point the Civil War was unavoidable, I believe the Dred Scott decision of 1857 was that point. Already the nation was divided on the issue of slavery, and the issue alone is strong enough to have Americans fighting each other. All that is really needed is one final spark to ignite the blaze. I think the Dred Scott decision is that spark.Before I give you the controversy of the decision I would like to give

Dred Scott Case Essay

2027 words - 8 pages things bad to occur. Some of these things include the strengthening of the Republican Party in opposition to the courts decision; and it increased the abolitionist to get rid of slavery which eventually leads to the civil war. There are also some negatives to the Dred Scott Case like how it eventually led to the Panic of 1857. As well caused fights like Bleeding Kansas. Even the system of checks and balances was hurt by the

Dred Scott V. Sandford Essay

1089 words - 4 pages . Dred Scott lost his first case in a lower St. Louis court because he could not prove that he was owned by the Emerson family at all. A second trial took place in January 1850, Dred Scott and his family were declared "Free." Unhappy with the decision, Mrs. Emerson appealed, and in 1852 the Missouri Supreme court reversed the decision. New attorneys were needed because his first attorney had passed away. His new team consisted of attorneys

The Dred Scott Case. Essay

2409 words - 10 pages could give him. He was the cause of a change that dictated how black people were viewed in this country. Dred Scott made every black man ask himself the question am I free or have I been deprived of my freedom. The repercussions of this were enormous. The Dred Scott decision was a climactic event amidst the debate of a divided nation. Its outcome would be one more push that headed the country into Civil War. It was a case that the Supreme Court