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Drinking While Pregnant Essay

1112 words - 5 pages

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is a leading cause of birth defects and developmental disorders. Recent estimates of the number of US children affected by fetal alcohol exposure range from 1 per 2,000 live births to 1 per 100 live births (Krauss). Drinking while pregnant can cause harm to the unborn child in her womb. Drinking while pregnant is very wrong because it causes many birth defects; and it will cause that child pain emotionally and physically the rest of his or her life.
Infants (in the womb) exposed to alcohol has been a big issue that could be easily prevented. In the past few years, FASD (or known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder) has been a health concern nationwide. FASD ...view middle of the document...

Ninety-nine (or 6%) of those women confessed that before they were pregnant, they drank alcohol at least on a weekly basis; 725 women (or 46%) partook in binge drinking when they first got pregnant; and 753 women (or 48%) revealed they binged and drank on a daily basis (Anderson Et. Al.). These studies are truly shocking and they need to stop.
Furthermore, drinking while pregnant is very wrong. It causes many side effects that child has to live with for the rest of their lives. The first way it affects the baby is because alcohol exposure can cause the baby to have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (or abbreviated as FAS). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is one of the foremost foundations for children to have mental retardation and other birth defects. These birth defects include unusual facial features. These include small head size, narrow eye slits, and deformities of the nose and lips. Also FAS causes growth deformities and even central nervous system problems. Other problems occur such as the child has a terrible time with learning, memory, attention span, speech, problem-solving, and even hearing. These issues make it very problematic for children in school and even life. These children especially have trouble making friends (Krauss).
In addition to that, FAS also has many terms to describe a child that has some (but not all) symptoms. The first term is Fetal Alcohol Effects (or FAE). Fetal Alcohol Effects is described as children with growth deficiency, behavioral complications, or they have difficulties with their speech and/or motor skills. Also, FAE has been described as FAS because even though the children have all the symptoms, they just have those symptoms less severally. But professionals could not actually give a definition for FAE so the Institute of Medicine described it in two definitions (Krauss).
The two definitions are Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects. Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (or better known as ARND) is designated when a child has mental deficiencies which are linked to the child being exhibited to alcohol whenever they were in the mother’s womb. These deficiencies include poor school performance; and...

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